||First network, created in 1969 by the
ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency) to connect some American
scientific laboratories. It is the ancestor of Internet.
||Aiborne Warning and System Control. Plane radar (Photo
||Literally " carries of behind ", creates
by the programmer of an information processing system, in order to
allow him to penetrate without other in the system, even when this
one is installed at the customer, without the knowledge of this last.
||Program or piece of program, placed in a computer.
It's goal is to the destroy or the modify datas when a certain condition
is carried out, for example the name of an employee is erased of of
the employees list (technical used like revenge in the event of dismissal)
||Central Intelligence Agency. (the
||Program charged to translate the source code of a program
(readable easily by the programmer), in a directly comprehensible
file by the computer.
||Someone who breaks the safety measures in a system.
Term invented, about 1985 by hackers to defend oneself of the misuse
of the hacker term by the journalists, making the amalgam between
the "good " hackers and the criminals!
||Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA
||Department of Defence ( USA) (list
||Federal Aviation Admistration .
||Federal Bureau of Investigation, charged, amongst other
things, of counter-espionage (FBI homepage)
- A person taking of the pleasure to explore the details of the
programmable systems and how to use them to the maximum.
- Somebody programming with enthusiasm (see even in an obsessional
way) or which is pleased to program rather than to make theories
on the programming.
- A person appreciating the values of the hacking.
- A person who is good to program quickly.
- An expert about a certain program or somebody who frequently
uses it. (UNIX hacker)
- An expert or enthusiastic of some kind, for example in astronomy.
- A person who likes the intellectual challenges, and to pass
in addition to the limitations.
- [ Not correct but used] a fouinor who seeks has to discover
significant information while excavating everywhere. (the correct
term is cracker)
These definitions come from the
Jargon, the dictionary of the hackers. Note: The meaning given
by the expert in security, the journalists and general public, approaches
definition NO 8. It is this meaning that I employ it
in this document.
||Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar System .
Electronic plane of monitoring and control of the battle field.
||Komitet Gossoudarstevenno´ Bezopasnosti. Secret service
||Action to connect itself on a computer, generally characterized
by the introduction of its name and its password.
||MODulator DEModulator. Device allowing to connect its
computer to another computer, through normal telephone line.
||National Computer Crime Squad
||The World Health Organization
||Other name for the American Defence Department, given
because of the shape of the building sheltering its offices.
||Someone practitioner the phreaking
||Art and science to pirate the telephone network (for
example to make long-distance calls free).
||Society of the Nations, ancestor of UNO (United Nations)
||Transient Electro-Magnetic Pulse Emanation STandart
. Indicate the standard defining the rate of radiation which a system
can emit without compromising information that it contains. Official
designation for the equipment of listening of the systems which are
not to standard TEMPEST is always classified. Authors then use also
the term of TEMPEST, with the following significance: Transient Electro-Magnetic
PulsE Surveillance Technology .
||Operating system, invented in the
Bell laboratories around 1970.