America's Seaports and Securing Cargo Shipments
For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
February 5, 2004
Today's Presidential Action
In remarks on the War on Terror at the Port of Charleston, South
Carolina, President Bush highlighted his commitment to protecting
the homeland, including America's ports and increasing cargo security.
The President's FY 2005 budget requests resources for many important
homeland security priorities. It includes a 9.7% increase in government-wide
homeland security funding over FY 2004, nearly tripling the FY
2001 levels. It also includes a $3.6 billion (10%) overall increase
over FY 2004 for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), doubling
funding for DHS programs since FY 2001.
The President's budget demonstrated his commitment to port and
cargo security. It includes:
$1.9 billion for DHS-wide port security efforts, an increase of
13% ($224 million) over FY 2004 and 628% ($1.6 billion) over
FY 2001. These funds include $102 million for the Coast Guard
to implement the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002,
which sets security standards for certain vessels, port facilities,
and critical offshore platforms.
A total of $6.6 billion to maintain and enhance border security
activities, a 7% ($447 million) increase over FY 2004 and a 70%
($2.7 billion) increase over FY 2001.
Background: Protecting America's Seaports and Securing Cargo Shipments
The U.S. maritime transportation system is vital to the global
economy. Over 95% of non-North American trade enters the country
through U.S. seaports, and our seaports handle over $740 billion
and 2 billion tons of domestic and international freight annually.
Foreign vessels make 50,000 port calls annually.
Our seaports and maritime transportation infrastructure face a
myriad of threats from the vessels, people, and cargo that move
through them. Consistent with our approach to the overall War on
Terrorism, our approach to seaport security calls for a layered
defense that starts far beyond our mainland.
the Coast Guard: The FY 2005 budget request includes
a 9% (nearly $500 million) increase for the United States Coast
Guard, bringing total Coast Guard funding to $6.3 billion (a 64%
increase over FY 2001).
Ensuring Security Before Cargo Ships Reach Port: These funds include
$102 million for implementation of the Maritime Transportation
Security Act of 2002 (MTSA). This initiative will enable Coast
Guard to develop, review, and approve vessel and facility security
plans, ensure foreign vessels are meeting security standards,
enhance its intelligence capacity, and provide underwater detection
capability to Maritime Safety and Security Teams.
Upgrading Coast Guard Ships and Technology: The budget also continues
support for the Coast Guard's Integrated Deepwater System acquisition
program, which is systematically replacing the Coast Guard's aging
fleet of vessels, aircraft, and command and control systems. The
FY 2005 budget funds Deepwater at $678 million, an increase of
$10 million over the FY 2004 level.
Improving Information and Intelligence: The Coast Guard's maritime
domain awareness programs will help us better understand what transits
through or near our nation's waters. MTSA regulations require certain
commercial vessels to install Automatic Identification Systems
(AIS) by the end of 2004. AIS devices broadcast certain vessel
information that helps identify and locate vessels in our maritime
domain. The Coast Guard is on schedule to have AIS capabilities
at each of its Vessel Traffic Service locations by the end of 2004,
and is working towards a long-term goal of nationwide AIS coverage.
Moreover, the Coast Guard established COASTWATCH, a process through
which the intelligence community analyzes all-source information
and intelligence on ships, crew, and cargo to identify security
threats. Information from the intelligence community then helps
the Coast Guard and other agencies to institute appropriate control
measures before these vessels reach our seaports.
Increasing Cargo Screening and Border Security: The President's
FY 2005 budget requests $450 million in new funding to maintain
and enhance border security activities, including funding to expand
pre-screening activities for cargo containers overseas, and for
capabilities to better detect individuals attempting to illegally
enter the United States. There are many important seaport and cargo
The Container Security Initiative (CSI) allows DHS to pre-screen
cargo before it reaches our shores. The FY 2005 budget requests
an increase of $25 million over the FY 2004 funding level. These
funds will support CSI expansion into additional high-volume
Radiation detection monitors are used to screen passengers and
cargo coming into the United States. The FY 2005 budget includes
$50 million for the next generation of radiation screening devices.
To better identify high-risk cargo and passengers, the budget
includes an increase of $20.6 million for staffing and technology
acquisition to support the National Targeting Center (NTC) as well
as additional Customs and Border Patrol targeting systems, which
are used to review advance manifests and other information to determine
which shipments are higher-risk and require closer examination.
The Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) leverages
public/private partnerships to improve security along the entire
supply chain, from the factory floor, to foreign vendors, land
borders, and seaports, while expediting border processing for legitimate
shipments. The FY 2005 budget includes an increase of $20 million
for C-TPAT. This initiative will allow for the development and
approval security plans, ensuring foreign vessels arriving in the
United States are in compliance with the new standards, and enhance
its intelligence and surveillance capabilities.
Providing Grants for Port Security: The Department of Homeland
Security's Port Security Grant Program provides resources for security
planning and projects to improve dockside and perimeter security.
In the last round of grant awards, some 442 projects in 326 locations
from across the Nation received $179 million in funding. DHS also
awarded an additional $245 million for port security in FY 2003.
The President's FY 2005 budget provides $46 million for additional
port security grants.