Subject to the authority and direction of the commander, U.S.
Strategic Command, JTF-CNO will, in conjunction with the unified
commands, services and DOD agencies, coordinate and direct the
defense of DOD computer systems and networks; coordinate and, when
directed, conduct computer network attack in support of combatant
commanders' and national objectives.
The Joint Task Force-Computer Network Operations (JTF-CNO) is
Strategic Command's operational component for Computer Network
Operations (CNO), and supports USSTRATCOM Commander in the integration
of Computer Network Defense and Computer Network Attack capabilities
into the operations of U.S. military forces. Computer Network Operations
are comprised of two specific yet complementary mission areas:
Computer Network Defense (CND) and Computer Network Attack (CNA).
The CND mission is to defend DOD computer networks and systems
from any unauthorized event whether it be a probe, scan, virus
incident, or intrusion. The CNA mission is to coordinate, support
and conduct, at the direction of the president, computer network
attack operations in support of regional and national objectives.
Joint Task Force-Computer Network Defense (JTF-CND) reached initial
operational capability on Dec. 30, 1998, after exercises and real-world
events demonstrated the need for a single coordinating agency with
the authority to direct actions necessary for the protection of
the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII).
Under the Unified Command Plan 1999 (UCP 99), effective Oct. 1,
1999, the President assigned the CND mission to the U.S. Space
Command (USSPACECOM), with the JTF-CND as the subordinate command
responsible for executing CND operations.
UCP-99 also designated USSPACECOM as the military lead for Computer
Network Attack (CNA) effective Oct. 1, 2000. The USSPACECOM Deputy
Director of Operations-Computer Network Attack (DDO-CNA) served
as the initial focal point for the CNA mission.
In December 2000, USCINCSPACE directed his staff to assess the
feasibility of combining specific aspects of CND and CNA under
a single operational commander.
The intent behind the consolidation was to operationalize CND
and CNA and fully integrate those capabilities with air, land,
sea and space forces across the full spectrum of conflict. Effective
April 2, 2001, JTF-CND was re-designated Joint Task Force-Computer
Network Operations (JTF-CNO). Effective Oct. 1, 2002, JTF-CNO was
assigned to the commander, U.S. Strategic Command.
The JTF-CNO components are the U.S. Army's 1st Information Operations
Command (LAND) (1ST IOC[L]), formerly known as the Land Information
Warfare Activity (LIWA); Marine Forces-Integrated Network Operations
(MARFOR-INO); Navy Component Task Force-Computer Network Defense
(NCTF-CND); Air Force Forces-Computer Network Operations (AFFOR-CNO);
and DISA's DOD Computer Emergency Response Team (DOD CERT).
JTF-CNO maintains watch 24 hours per day, seven days a week, and
is located in Arlington, Va. It is colocated with the Defense Information
Systems Agency (DISA) Global Network Operations and Security Center
(GNOSC) to optimize the commander, JTF-CNO's ability to monitor
the status of DOD information networks and conduct operations across
the defense information infrastructure.
For the CND mission, the JTF-CNO leverages the existing intrusion
detection capabilities of the unified commands, its components,
and DOD and non-DOD agencies. The JTF-CNO receives intrusion
data from these sources and then fuses this critical information
with ongoing operational missions, and intelligence and technical
data into a "big picture" synopsis of the incident.
With this correlated information, the JTF-CNO assesses the impact
to network operations and military operations, identifies courses
of action that will restore the network, coordinates the necessary
actions with the appropriate DOD or non-DOD organizations, prepares
a plan to execute and, with approval, executes that order. The
JTF-CNO can direct appropriate actions through its four military
service components and the DOD CERT.
For the CNA mission, the JTF-CNO is responsible for ensuring that
CNA capabilities can be efficiently employed in support of U.S.
National Security objectives. The JTF-CNO, along with the USSTRATCOM
staff, services, other combatant commanders, and defense agencies,
is working to develop and implement comprehensive policies, structures,
roles and missions for computer network operations. The initial
U.S. Strategic Command concept of operations calls for the supported
commander, assisted by the JTF-CNO, to integrate service-provided
forces into military plans and operations. USSTRATCOM will coordinate
the use of all DOD CNA assets for the supported commander.
The JTF-CNO is currently authorized 122 positions.
JTF-CNO operates on a projected yearly budget of about $26 million.
of February 2003)