Concept of Operations
The chapters on required capabilities and system description detail
the Wisdom Warfare architecture. It is a collection of robust, highly
interconnected, smart nodes providing information flow and advice tailored
by each user. Nodes and the system learn from their experience and the
experience of nodes used by people in analogous situations. These features
make the architecture useful throughout the spectrum of conflict and
in a variety of alternate futures.
Air power must prepare to face everything from peace to full-scale
war in 2025. The Wisdom Warfare architecture helps achieve that broad
capability. At the operational level, the architecture provides fully
fused intelligence, coordinated logistics, and a variety of courses
of action. At the tactical level, it can even provide instructions to
technicians. The Wisdom Warfare architecture particularly helps staffs
perform their roles in support of commanders.
Personnel staffs can track the status of each person involved in a
battle through computers woven into each warrior's clothing. 1
This includes information on name, rank, unit, specialty, health status,
and location. Commanders can see the information at any level of organization.
In addition, staffs can communicate with troops to educate them on the
mission and the cultures involved.
Intelligence staffs will conduct operations in a dramatically different
way when compared to today. During peacetime, the system will collect
global information and intelligence staffs will construct models to
forecast COAs of potential enemies. Intelligence, surveillance, and
reconnaissance data are fused with a variety of digitized maps, political
factors, cultural guides, opinions from area experts, industrial data,
current and forecasted weather, enemy doctrine, and objectives. As hostilities
become imminent or erupt, the system will use intelligent software agents
to get fused intelligence to the proper nodes that will minimize human
delays during conflict. Each user will then use his forecasting and
decision-making tools to turn knowledge into good decisions. Forecasting
tools will also help determine where collection assets will find the
most useful information so they collect data in the most efficient way.
Operations staffs also benefit from the architecture. Before conflicts,
the architecture uses several models to determine the most likely enemy
centers of gravity. 2 It allows
operations staffs to run dozens of friendly COAs against the enemy.
Plans can include a variety of force packages to respond to the scenarios.
In evaluating the plans, the commander determines the criteria and weights.
The architecture then evaluates the plans. For instance, criteria could
- ability to achieve national objectives
- estimate of collateral damage
- ability to achieve theater objectives
- time to complete the campaign
- contribution to a better state of peace
The architecture's speed will allow staffs to generate many more plans
than today. This method means they can more easily pull a plan off the
shelf that is analogous to a crisis when it erupts. All this helps guard
against the chance of surprise and maximizes preparedness. However,
air power planners should not forget the axiom of Helmuth von Moltke
the elder: "No plan of operations survives the first collision
with the main body of the enemy." 3
When conflict erupts, the architecture also provides fast adjustment
of existing plans. Its ability to rapidly develop a variety of new COAs
will be useful. Once the plans are adjusted, the architecture can automatically
issue orders to deploy force packages as directed by the commander.
The orders can include situation briefs, cultural briefs, and logistics
instructions. The Wisdom Warfare architecture's forecasting tools and
decision-making aids help manage the large amounts of information flowing
in the twenty-first century battlespace.
Logistics staffs will also benefit. Like the intelligence staffs, logistics
planners will spend time before conflict in building forecasting and
decision-making tools. As operations plans are developed, they will
automatically be fed to the logistics staffs. The decision-making tools
will then help them construct the best logistics plans. In addition,
materiel status-like location and serviceability will be immediately
Once plans are made, they will be used by all warriors. The architecture
enhances war fighting by putting forecasting and decision-making tools
in the warriors' hands. However, it will be just as important to have
full integration of the warrior with the system. For instance, every
warrior could access information by smart glasses or contact lenses
and control his equipment with advanced EEGs.
The architecture provides tools to enhance knowledge and wisdom at
all levels. It is best developed in peacetime by honing its operation
through feedback from exercises and day-to-day operations. This is how
decision makers will build confidence in the system. The architecture
also aids in training and military education. 4
This is not a system that will be born in 2025. It is a system that
must grow to maturity by 2025.
The US military can use the Wisdom Warfare architecture in a variety
of futures and in the entire spectrum of military operations. A short
story in appendix C illustrates a scenario in a low-intensity conflict
in 2025. It helps create a picture of what Wisdom Warfare can do in
- 2025 Concept, No. 900572, "Plastic Computing,"
2025 Concepts Database (Maxwell AFB, Ala.: Air War College/2025,
1996); 2025 Concept, No. 900490, "Crewman's Data
Vest," 2025 Concepts Database (Maxwell AFB, Ala.:
Air War College/2025, 1996); Nicholas Negroponte, "Wearable
Computing," Wired, December 1995, 256.
- See, for example, John Warden, "The Enemy as a System,"
Strategic Studies Course Book, vol. 2 (Maxwell AFB, Ala.: Air
Command and Staff College, 1995), 437-452; Paul Moscarelli, "Operational
Analysis: An Overview," in Strategic Studies Course Book, vol.
2, 522-530; Jason Barlow, "Strategic Paralysis: An Airpower Theory
for the Present," in Strategic Studies Course Book, vol.
- Helmuth Graf von Moltke, Moltke on the Art of War, ed. Daniel
J. Hughes, trans. Daniel J. Hughes and Harry Bell (Novato, Calif.: Presidio,
- Kelley, 9.
Contents | 1
| 2 | 3
| 4 | 5
| A | B
Contact: Air Force 2025
Last updated: 5 December 1996