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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | EBO Defined | Effects Classification | Effects-Based vs Objective-Based | Why EBO? | National Strategic EBO | Combatant Commander EBO | EBO Example—Allied Force | Summary ]

Title: National Strategic EBO

Action: Screen begins with a graphic representing the cycle of effects based planning. Strategic Environment Research appears on the lower left part of the cycle.

Voice: Effects based planning should begin at the national strategic level. The first phase, called Strategic Environment Research, corresponds roughly to intelligence preparation of the battlespace processes in existing joint doctrine, but goes much further. In order to understand what “effects” a given action is likely to create under given circumstances, we must understand the target audience, the systems involved, and all of the possible causal linkages between those systems.

Action: Those involved with Strategic Environment Research appear around it, outside of the cycle. They are: Predictive Battlespace Awareness, Strategic Estimate, DIA, CIA, and State.

Voice: Answering these questions requires the collaboration of experts from many government and non-governmental agencies.

Action: Policy Goals/Desired Outcomes/Effects appears on the left part of the cycle, around from Strategic Environment Research.

Voice: With this information, national objectives are formulated, based on desired outcomes, and defined in terms of desired effects.

Action: Strategy Development appears on the upper left part of the cycle, around from Policy Goals/Desired Outcomes/Effects.

Voice: Next, a national strategy is developed to decide which instruments of national power will be applied to achieve the objectives. A tighter integration of the instruments of national power can make pre-hostilities actions like flexible deterrent options more successful and is paramount for managing the post-hostility end state.

Action: Mission Parsing/Integration appears on the upper right part of the cycle, along with the three units it parses to outside of the cycle.

Voice: With the strategy established, the national leadership distributes, or parses, the missions appropriately.

Action: Effects Assessment appears on the lower right part of the cycle, along with Feedback from Operational/Tactical outside of the cycle.

Voice: The cycle ends, or actually begins anew, with effects assessment.

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