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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | EBO Defined | Effects Classification | Effects-Based vs Objective-Based | Why EBO? | National Strategic EBO | Combatant Commander EBO | EBO Example—Allied Force | Summary ]

Title: Summary

Action: On the screen is the picture of a bust of Sun Tzu and the quote from Sun Tzu’s The Art of War from the Introduction:

Those skilled in war subdue the enemy’s army without battle. They capture his cities without assaulting them and overthrow his state without protracted operations.

Voice: EBO is not a revolutionary approach to war; however, it does have potential advantages over the traditional approaches of destruction and attrition that have been prevalent in warfare.

Action: Background changes to the quote by Abraham Maslow from Why EBO?:

If the only tool you have is a hammer, you will see every problem as a nail.

Voice: If the US military can exploit this potential, they can move beyond the idea that the only way to win a conflict is to destroy the enemy’s forces. Destruction-based operations then will become but one tool for joint force commanders to employ to accomplish their mission.

Action: Screen changes to the definitions from EBO Defined:

Effects
refer to the full range of outcomes, events, or consequences of actions which can be derived from any instrument of national power: economic, military, diplomatic, or information. Effects occur across the spectrum of conflict, from peace to major theater war, and at all levels from the strategic down to the tactical
Effects-Based Operations
actions designed to produce specific effects that directly contribute to attainment of desired objectives

Voice: Many critics view the EBO concept as one pushed by airpower and precision engagement advocates to increase the prestige and importance of certain services, branches, or weapons systems.

Action: Screen changes to the effects based planning cycle from National Strategic EBO.

Voice: In fact, the most successful effects-based operations involve all instruments of national power.

Action: Screen changes to the effects based planning cycle with the cycle added from Combatant Commander EBO.

Voice: Moreover, reliance on a single attribute of military power will inevitably detract from the overall effectiveness of a campaign, since it is relatively easy for an adversary to adapt to a single form of attack.

Action: Screen changes to the ending graphic from Effects-Based vs Objective-Based, with the action, direct, second- and third-order effects, and objective with the text from the Introduction at the bottom left of the screen:

The challenge is choose actions that produce the effects that lead to desired objectives

Voice: However, realizing the full potential of EBO represents a significant challenge. EBO necessitates that decision makers move away from metrics that have been familiar and comfortable in the past, such as body counts, sortie rates, and territory seized.

Action: Screen changes to the ending graphic from EBO Example—Allied Force with the interwoven actions, objectives and effects, the actions being highlighted.

Voice: Such measures are easy to see and easy to measure, but they do not describe the linkage between actions and strategic outcomes.

Action: All is removed and the following definition remains on the screen:

Effects-Based Operations
a way of thinking about using all instruments of national power across the spectrum of conflict that considers the effects of actions in achieving objectives.

Voice: Clearly, it is important to explore concepts, such as effects-based operations, that attempt to provide true indications of progress made toward achieving objectives.

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