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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | EBO Defined | Effects Classification | Effects-Based vs Objective-Based | Why EBO? | National Strategic EBO | Combatant Commander EBO | EBO Example—Allied Force | Summary ]

Title: Combatant Commander EBO

Action: Screen begins with the strategic cycle of previous page. Leave off the other agency bubbles, parsing and feedback arrows. From the parsing step, draw an arrow through a CJCS shield to a bubble labeled “Commander“s Estimate Process Focused on Effects.“

Voice: With national level mission parsing completed, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs tasks the combatant commanders to develop plans. The joint planning cycle of the Combatant Commander borrows heavily from the Commander’s Estimate Process, outlined in both Joint Pub 3-0 and JP 5-00.2. The Commander’s Estimate is deliberately focused on objectives, and has been used with success for years but should be enhanced to deliberately reference effects during the process.

Action: Replace the commander’s estimate process bubble with a full cycle, similar to the previous one. The new cycle is rotated slightly so that steps 1 and 7 align with 4 and 5 of the strategic cycle. The steps of the new cycle are: Effects Assessment, Combatant Commander Assessment, Mission Analysis COA Development, COA & Effects Analysis, COA Selection CONOPS Developed, Convert COA to OPORD, and Issue OPORD/Execution Order.

Voice: The process begins with the Commander’s Assessment—essentially filling in the mission-specific gaps remaining from strategic environment research, like force structures, capabilities, and dispositions for all groups important to mission execution. Courses of action or COAs are developed and analyzed in terms of desired effects. Based on the foregoing, the military strategy is developed for the COA. In the next steps the commander issues the Operations Order and Execution Order to employ EBO against an adversary’s centers of gravity. Centers of Gravity, or COGs, refer to those characteristics, capabilities, or sources of power from which a adversary derives its freedom of action, physical strength, or will to fight. Once the plan is executed, post-operations intelligence of various types is gathered to assess the progress toward achieving the desired effects.

Action: A “generic” cycle is shown low center screen labeled “Component Commander Planning” and shows input/output arrows to/from steps 6/7 of combatant commander cycle, respectively.

Voice: Similar cycles support planning by the component commanders. Thus EBO planning can integrate efforts from strategic to the tactical level.

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