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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Foundations of Doctrine | Air Corps Tactical School | WWII—Europe | WWII—Japan | WWII—Nuclear Weapons | Cold War Doctrine | Massive Retaliation | Cold War Technology | Flexible Response | The SIOP | Korea | Korean Command Structure | Korean War Aftermath | Prelude to Vietnam | Objectives in Vietnam | Vietnam War 1965–1973 | Rolling Thunder—Objectives | Rolling Thunder—Restrictions | Rolling Thunder—Outcome | Command Arrangements | Route Package System | Khe Sanh | Airpower at Khe Sanh | LINEBACKER II | Post-Vietnam Assessment | AirLand Battle | Impact of AirLand Battle | Operation EAGLE CLAW | Operation URGENT FURY | Goldwater-Nichols Act 1986 | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: Goldwater-Nichols Act 1986

Voice: Both OPERATION EAGLE CLAW and OPERATION URGENT FURY demonstrated the problems of joint operations within the U.S. military. The Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 was the mandate for the military services to collaborate on developing joint doctrine for the integrated employment of joint military operations. The doctrinally oriented Army was the first service to embrace joint doctrine. The result was a land-centric approach to warfare. For the Air Force, this initially meant that airpower was viewed as a support mechanism to the land commander on the battlefield. In spite of the land-centric focus, the Air Force did make some in-roads in the establishment of joint doctrine. Most notable was the emergence of the concept of the Joint Force Air Component Commander or JFACC. The JFACC concept provided a framework for integrating and employing airpower from all service components under a unified organizational structure. This concept also had a significant impact on the development of air strategy and the conduct of joint air operations. The JFACC concept is a subject for another lesson. The Goldwater-Nichols Act had a far-reaching effect on the Air Force. This legislation was the impetus for moving the Air Force away from the era of doctrinal excursions toward employment as a decisive contributor in joint operations.

Action: Screen begins with a faded collage of elements of each military service in the background. The following header and bullets are shown as mentioned in the narration, with the header appearing one-fourth of the way through the narration:

Influence on joint operations and application of air power:

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