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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Strategic Bombardment | Pursuit Aviation | Air Corps Tactical School | Airpower Debates | Ascension of Bombardment | GHQ Air Force | GHQ Air Force Organization | Roles for GHQ Air Force | Response to Roles Proposal | GHQ Air Force—Pros & Cons | GHQ Air Force Stimulates Doctrine | Planning for War | AWPD-1 | AWPD-1 Objectives | Response to AWPD-1 | Field Manual 100-20 | FM 100-20 Concepts | FM 100-20 Centralized Control | Impact of FM 100-20 | Airpower Evolution | Increasing Autonomy | Doctrine Evolves | USAF as Separate Service | Summary | Quiz ]
Title: GHQ Air Force
Action: Begin with a group of bi-wing bombers flying in a large group at screen left. Midway through the narration, the picture changes to one of a single bomber, mid-roll. The following bullets are shown at screen right as each is mentioned to support the narration:
Voice: The increasing prominence of bombardment aviation and the ideas of using air forces as independent striking forces naturally led to thoughts of independence from, or at least autonomy within, the Army. In the years following the establishment of the Army Air Corps in 1926, there were two general schools of thought; one favoring independence from the Army, and the other favoring a compromise solution that would allow the creation of an independent striking force within the Army. The compromise view dominated and resulted in the establishment of General Headquarters Air Force, or GHQ Air Force, in 1935. GHQ Air Force provided a single headquarters for all operational aviation units in the Army. While independence-minded airmen still argued for a separate air force, the establishment of GHQ Air Force as a unified and powerful offensive striking force represented a clear move toward a centrally controlled air arm.
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