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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Strategic Bombardment | Pursuit Aviation | Air Corps Tactical School | Airpower Debates | Ascension of Bombardment | GHQ Air Force | GHQ Air Force Organization | Roles for GHQ Air Force | Response to Roles Proposal | GHQ Air Force—Pros & Cons | GHQ Air Force Stimulates Doctrine | Planning for War | AWPD-1 | AWPD-1 Objectives | Response to AWPD-1 | Field Manual 100-20 | FM 100-20 Concepts | FM 100-20 Centralized Control | Impact of FM 100-20 | Airpower Evolution | Increasing Autonomy | Doctrine Evolves | USAF as Separate Service | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: GHQ Air Force Stimulates Doctrine

Action: Begin with a background image of a profile of a B-25, along with the following textpresented at screen right below the nose of the plane:

Bombardment dominates GHQ Air Force thinking

Voice: It’s important to note that the creation of the GHQ Air Force stimulated the development of specific doctrine for the use of this force. The creation also strengthened the interest in bombers and bombardment aviation.

Action: Show picture of Maj Gen Andrews in the cockpit of a plane on screen at bottom left:

Voice: Maj Gen Frank Andrews, GHQ commander, speaking at the Army War College in 1938, said that the U.S. could best defend its frontiers by attacking the enemy “as far from our shores as we can reach him.”

Action: The following quote by Andrews’ is shown across the top of the screen, and a highlight appears over the words in bold below as they are spoken in the following narration:

I do not minimize the importance and value of reconnaissance, pursuit, and attack aviation…but bombardment aviation is and always will be the principal striking force in air operations. Power is measured in terms of bombardment aviation.

Maj Gen Frank Andrews, 1 October 1938

Voice:Further comments show that he considered bombardment aviation to be the principal strategic force and the true measure of airpower. It seems obvious that General Andrews felt that bombardment aviation was the dominant element of airpower.

Action: Remove the picture of Gen Andrews and replace it with another of him working at his desk:

Voice:Although the Air Force Combat Command replaced the GHQ Air Force in 1941, and it, in turn, was terminated in the Army Air Forces’ reorganization of 1942, the idea of unified, independent air operations was firmly established.

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