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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Army—The Purpose | Early Army Aviation | Aviation Doctrine Evolves | Operations in the Battlespace | Types of Operations | Operations in the AO | Control Measures | Airpower—Army Perspective | Army—Summary | Navy—Purpose | Early Naval Aviation | Evolution of the Navy Mission | Evolution of Naval Doctrine | Naval Warfighting | Battlespace Dominance | Power Projection | The Expeditionary Navy | Carrier Battle Group (CVBG) | Amphibious Ready Group | Navy Perspective on Airpower | Navy Summary | USMC—Introduction | Early Marine Aviation | Marine Aviation Evolves | The MAGTF | Scalable MAGTF | USMC Doctrine | Maneuver Warfare | Marine Ethos and Combined Arms | Marine Airpower Perspective | USMC—Summary | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: Early Army Aviation

Action: On the right side of the screen pictures appear that support the narration for the duration of the page. On the left side of the screen, the following bullet points are shown in support of the narration:

Voice: The Army’s experience with airpower began when it used balloons as spotters for directing artillery fire in the mid 1800’s. It’s little surprise then that the first Wright flyer, accepted in 1909, was assigned to the Signal Corps, a combat support arm.

Action: As the third bullet point is shown on the left, the following selection from an Early Army Service Manual is shown on the right:

The aero squadron will operate in advance of the independent cavalry in order to locate the enemy and keep track of his movements

Voice: Many Army officers felt the primary purpose of air forces was to support the ground operation.

Action: The quote is removed and replaced by another picture that supports the narration. This continues until the end of the narration. The rest of the bullet points are shown as mentioned in the narration.

Voice: Airpower advocates demonstrated the offensive capabilities of airpower and pressed for increased autonomy for air operations. The drive for autonomy was bolstered by the establishment of the Army Air Forces just prior to World War II and the offensive surprises of Pearl Harbor and the Luftwaffe successes in Blitzkrieg. As a compromise, Organic Army Aviation was created in June 1942 under direct control of the ground commanders. With the creation of the Air Force and its focus on developing a nuclear doctrine for the Cold War, Army ground commanders expanded the missions of organic air.

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