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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Army—The Purpose | Early Army Aviation | Aviation Doctrine Evolves | Operations in the Battlespace | Types of Operations | Operations in the AO | Control Measures | Airpower—Army Perspective | Army—Summary | Navy—Purpose | Early Naval Aviation | Evolution of the Navy Mission | Evolution of Naval Doctrine | Naval Warfighting | Battlespace Dominance | Power Projection | The Expeditionary Navy | Carrier Battle Group (CVBG) | Amphibious Ready Group | Navy Perspective on Airpower | Navy Summary | USMC—Introduction | Early Marine Aviation | Marine Aviation Evolves | The MAGTF | Scalable MAGTF | USMC Doctrine | Maneuver Warfare | Marine Ethos and Combined Arms | Marine Airpower Perspective | USMC—Summary | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: Aviation Doctrine Evolves

Action: On the right side of the screen pictures appear that support the narration for the duration of the page. On the left side of the screen, the following bullet points are shown in support of the narration:

Voice: When the US Air Force was created on September 18th, 1947, the Army’s Organic Air Arm further expanded to fill the aviation support requirements of ground forces. In the Korean War, an expanded use of helicopters in support roles began a reliance on organic helicopters that reached maturity in Vietnam. This employment of the Army’s helicopters, especially in the close battle, drove a doctrinal expansion of the traditional view of the static battlefield. This shift in Army thinking aggravated differences between the Army and Air Force over the control of aviation assets. Throughout the Cold War, Army and Air Force battle plans centered on the Soviet threat in the European Theater.

Action: A graphic representing the Airland Battle is shown screen right as the third major bullet point is shown screen left. Its caption reads, “Airpower viewed as fire support in Airland Battle.” The two sub-bullet points are presented as mentioned.

Voice: In addressing this threat “AirLand Battle” doctrine was presented in the 1982 Field Manual 100-5 and temporarily clarified the roles of the Army and Air Force during joint operations. AirLand Battle doctrine re-defined the traditional battlefield with a series of geographic and linear references that survive today. AirLand doctrine integrated concepts of conventional, nuclear, chemical, and electronic warfare, and emphasized simultaneous, synchronized early and decisive offensive operations in the air and on land. While Air Force assets were designated specifically for prosecution of strategic targets, deep operations and for shaping the battlefield, Army battle plans relied to a large extent on Air Force assets for close air support.

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