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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Army—The Purpose | Early Army Aviation | Aviation Doctrine Evolves | Operations in the Battlespace | Types of Operations | Operations in the AO | Control Measures | Airpower—Army Perspective | Army—Summary | Navy—Purpose | Early Naval Aviation | Evolution of the Navy Mission | Evolution of Naval Doctrine | Naval Warfighting | Battlespace Dominance | Power Projection | The Expeditionary Navy | Carrier Battle Group (CVBG) | Amphibious Ready Group | Navy Perspective on Airpower | Navy Summary | USMC—Introduction | Early Marine Aviation | Marine Aviation Evolves | The MAGTF | Scalable MAGTF | USMC Doctrine | Maneuver Warfare | Marine Ethos and Combined Arms | Marine Airpower Perspective | USMC—Summary | Summary | Quiz ]
Title: Operations in the Battlespace
Action: In the middle of the screen is a graphic representing the Army battlespace. As each factor is mentioned in the narration, the following pop-up boxes are shown in support. Each box remains on screen until the next one replaces it. The two that are not mentioned during the narration are shown at the end of the page.
Voice: Before trying to understand the Army’s current perspective on air and space power, it’s important to understand how the Army views their own operations and the battlespace within which they operate. The battlespace is a conceptual construct that allows commanders to visualize the factors that impact an operation. Some portions of it are not definable in geographic terms. For instance, the information environment includes space-based sensors as well as civil considerations. The area of interest contains all areas that could impact the operation. Enemy occupied areas outside the Area of Operations, or AO, and supply lines would exist in the area of interest. The area of influence is the geographic area a commander can directly influence by maneuver or fire support systems. The area of operations is the geographic area within which the commander is authorized to conduct operations. At any given time, the area of operations may be greater than or less than the area of influence.
Action: The Area of Operations is enlarged and divided into contiguous sections. The following text is shown below the graphic:
Voice: Within the overall AO, subordinate units are assigned their own particular AOs. Shown here is the case where the senior Army echelon is a corps and its AO is divided up among its subordinate divisions.
Action: The Area of Operations is re-divided into noncontiguous sections. The following text is shown below the graphic:
Voice: Sometimes the subordinate AOs are not contiguous. This lends itself to the concept of non-linear operations where maneuver units may operate throughout the AO and focus on separate objectives and multiple decisive points without reference to adjacent forces. These operations are becoming more common and the Army’s transition to smaller, lighter, more mobile and more lethal forces indicates that nonlinear operations will become more and more common. Information about the various parts of the battlespace can be reviewed by placing your cursor over it in the diagram.
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