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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Army—The Purpose | Early Army Aviation | Aviation Doctrine Evolves | Operations in the Battlespace | Types of Operations | Operations in the AO | Control Measures | Airpower—Army Perspective | Army—Summary | Navy—Purpose | Early Naval Aviation | Evolution of the Navy Mission | Evolution of Naval Doctrine | Naval Warfighting | Battlespace Dominance | Power Projection | The Expeditionary Navy | Carrier Battle Group (CVBG) | Amphibious Ready Group | Navy Perspective on Airpower | Navy Summary | USMC—Introduction | Early Marine Aviation | Marine Aviation Evolves | The MAGTF | Scalable MAGTF | USMC Doctrine | Maneuver Warfare | Marine Ethos and Combined Arms | Marine Airpower Perspective | USMC—Summary | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: Airpower—Army Perspective

Action: The following selection from T. R. Fehrenbach’s This Kind of War is shown on screen:

You may fly over land forever; bomb it, atomize it, pulverize it and wipe it clean of life—but if you desire ot defend it, protect it, and keep it for civilization, you must do this on the ground, the way the Roman legions did, by putting your young men into the mud.

Voice: With an understanding of how the Army has historically viewed its operations within the battlespace, we can look at their perspectives on the use of airpower. These words of Fehrenbach are the very first ones on page 1 of chapter 1 of Field Manual 1 and also appear on page 1 of FM 3-0, Operations. They summarize the Army perspective quite nicely.

Action: The following selection from Field Manual 3-0 is shown on the bottom of the screen:

Army Perspective:
…Ultimately, the outcome of battles, major operations, and campaigns depends on the ability of Army forces to close with and destroy the enemy…

Voice: In addition, Field Manual 3-0 makes it clear the decisive operation will be accomplished by ground forces. To be fair, the Army is the first to admit that air and space forces are very important.

Action: Graphic of the Elements of Combat Power shows the interaction of Maneuver, Firepower, Leadership, Protection, Information, and Situational Understanding. Graphic shows how these elements are interrelated. The bullet statements appear as narration continues.

Voice: Field Manual 3-0 presents the elements of combat power, and points out that air and space power makes major contributions to all of them. Air superiority provides protection and through freedom of action supports maneuver to conduct decisive operations. Air forces provide firepower in the form of close air support and air interdiction. Airlift support at the strategic, operational and tactical levels supports maneuver. Finally, air and space forces provide critical information which enables situational awareness for its leadership. To sum up, air and space power is viewed as a tool that enables combat power, but like all tools, should be controlled by the AO commander to achieve success in the decisive ground operation.

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