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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Army—The Purpose | Early Army Aviation | Aviation Doctrine Evolves | Operations in the Battlespace | Types of Operations | Operations in the AO | Control Measures | Airpower—Army Perspective | Army—Summary | Navy—Purpose | Early Naval Aviation | Evolution of the Navy Mission | Evolution of Naval Doctrine | Naval Warfighting | Battlespace Dominance | Power Projection | The Expeditionary Navy | Carrier Battle Group (CVBG) | Amphibious Ready Group | Navy Perspective on Airpower | Navy Summary | USMC—Introduction | Early Marine Aviation | Marine Aviation Evolves | The MAGTF | Scalable MAGTF | USMC Doctrine | Maneuver Warfare | Marine Ethos and Combined Arms | Marine Airpower Perspective | USMC—Summary | Summary | Quiz ]
Title: Early Naval Aviation
Action: The background is a collage of naval vessels from the 1900s.
Voice: As Alfred Thayer Mahan campaigned for an expanded Navy in the early 1900’s, the first Navy pilots were being trained.
Action: The background is removed and a series of pictures are faded in and out representing airpower in the various eras mentioned in the narration.
Voice: From this beginning, Naval forces and naval aviation expanded through WWI and the interwar years. While naval aircraft flew some offensive operations, they were primarily viewed as defensive weapons until the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor. With the battleship fleet crippled, the missions of naval aircraft expanded to include fleet defense, close air support for ground operations, and power projection. Naval airpower played a major role in stopping the Japanese advance. By the end of World War II, naval airpower was accepted and respected as a formidable combat force. In both Korea and Vietnam, carrier aviation played critical roles. National security strategy after WWII centered around containment of the Communist expansion and naval doctrine stressed deterrence by nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine operations and carrier forces.
Action: The following bullet points are shown in the middle of the screen:
Voice: In the 1970’s, the Navy formally articulated four Navy missions—strategic deterrence, sea control, power projection, and peacetime deterrence—all of which are dependent on naval air and space forces.
Action: The text is removed.
Voice: Having demonstrated the potential of maritime air, the Navy began to employ the operational concept of forward presence with aircraft carriers serving as the centerpiece of Navy Battle Groups and amphibious ready groups.
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