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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Army—The Purpose | Early Army Aviation | Aviation Doctrine Evolves | Operations in the Battlespace | Types of Operations | Operations in the AO | Control Measures | Airpower—Army Perspective | Army—Summary | Navy—Purpose | Early Naval Aviation | Evolution of the Navy Mission | Evolution of Naval Doctrine | Naval Warfighting | Battlespace Dominance | Power Projection | The Expeditionary Navy | Carrier Battle Group (CVBG) | Amphibious Ready Group | Navy Perspective on Airpower | Navy Summary | USMC—Introduction | Early Marine Aviation | Marine Aviation Evolves | The MAGTF | Scalable MAGTF | USMC Doctrine | Maneuver Warfare | Marine Ethos and Combined Arms | Marine Airpower Perspective | USMC—Summary | Summary | Quiz ]
Title: Evolution of the Navy Mission
Action: The background is a collage of naval vessels from the 1900s. Periodically, the background changes to reflect the times being discussed. The following text is shown in support of the narration:
Voice: In the late 19th century, Adm Mahan modernized the US Navy and stressed a study of naval doctrine. He formalized the naval missions of forward presence, sea control and power projection. These concepts transformed from being battleship centered to carrier centered by the end of World War II. The Cold War emphasized nuclear deterrence and limited-war options. This propelled the development of the ballistic missile submarine force as well as solidifying the carrier as the centerpiece of the battlegroup. In 1992, …From the Sea called for a shift from the Cold War, open ocean, blue water naval strategy to a regional, littoral, and expeditionary focus. It called for naval expeditionary forces that would operate forward from the sea to project their power over land as part of a joint force. …From the Sea acknowledged the Navy’s traditional operational capabilities of forward deployment, crisis response, strategic deterrence, and sealift, but added four more: Command, Control, and Surveillance; Battlespace Dominance; Power Projection; and Force Sustainment. In 1994, Forward…From the Sea refined …From the Sea’s direction and emphasized the importance of naval forces across the spectrum of military operations. In 1997, the Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Jay Johnson published Forward…From the Sea, The Navy Operational Concept. The essence of the Navy’s “operational concept” is that Naval forces will continue to influence, directly and decisively, events ashore from the sea—anytime, anywhere. Today, Sea Power 21 establishes four fundamental groupings of naval capabilities. Sea Strike is projecting precise and persistent offensive power; Sea Shield projects global defensive assurance; and Sea Basing projects joint operational independence. These concepts are enabled by an advanced C4I architecture called Force Net.
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