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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Joint vs Airman’s View | History—Ancient Era | History—Napoleonic Era | History—19th Century | History—20th Century | History—Current Era | The Principles | Objective | Offensive | Mass | Economy of Force | Maneuver | Unity of Command | Security | Surprise | Simplicity | Historical Applications—Introduction | Combined Bomber Offensive (CBO) | CBO—Fighter Escorts | CBO—Security | Vietnam—Rolling Thunder | Vietnam—Command and Control | Vietnam—Linebacker II | Desert Storm | Stealth and Precision | Space Assets | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: History—Napoleonic Era

Action: On the left side of the screen is the following quote by Napoleon:

The principles of war are those which have guided great leaders whose accomplishments have been handed down to us by history.

Voice: The Napoleonic era saw the science of land warfare taken to new heights, both ideologically and technologically.

Action: A picture of Antoine Jomini is added to the right side of the screen.

Voice: Antoine Henri Jomini was the first to express the idea that a small number of principles should guide the commander’s efforts on the battlefield.

Action: The following header and links to pop-up boxes are shown on the left side of the screen above the quote:

Jomini’s Concepts of War

Freedom of maneuver
Bring masses of one’s own troops against fractions of the enemy. The commander must decide where, when, and how to move his forces to carry out the mission.
Decisive action
The ability of a military power to strike with the greatest possible force in a combined effort against the decisive point.

Voice: Although he never explicitly identified the general principles to which he referred, Jomini articulated two basic concepts which have been taken as principles. Jomini’s thoughts on freedom of maneuver to bring masses of one’s own troops against fractions of the enemy’s and his thoughts on the ability of a military power to strike in the most decisive direction can both be linked to modern-day principles of war. To view a description of a concept, place your mouse cursor over it.

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