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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Joint vs Airman’s View | History—Ancient Era | History—Napoleonic Era | History—19th Century | History—20th Century | History—Current Era | The Principles | Objective | Offensive | Mass | Economy of Force | Maneuver | Unity of Command | Security | Surprise | Simplicity | Historical Applications—Introduction | Combined Bomber Offensive (CBO) | CBO—Fighter Escorts | CBO—Security | Vietnam—Rolling Thunder | Vietnam—Command and Control | Vietnam—Linebacker II | Desert Storm | Stealth and Precision | Space Assets | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: Vietnam—Linebacker II

Action: In the background is a collage of images representing the Vietnam War.

Text 1


Text 2

Principles of War:

Voice: In contrast with the mistakes of the Rolling Thunder campaign, the conduct of LINEBACKER TWO highlights the proper use of airpower. The North Vietnamese had shifted their strategy to that of a conventional ground war.

Action: Periodically, graphics are added to screen right, one after the other, to support the narration. The bullet points of text 1 are shown as mentioned in the following narration.

Voice: The objective of linebacker two was to end the war by demonstrating that the conflict was not sustainable, a subtle but significant change in policy. By finally being able to take the damage and destruction of war to the heart of the country, especially Hanoi and Haiphong, the air war had effects that the ground campaign was never able to carry out.

Action: Text 1 is removed and the header and first bullet point of text 2 is shown in its place. The rest of text 2 is shown when mentioned in the narration. The picture on the right continues to change to support the narration.

Voice: This is a positive example of air power employed with regard to the principle of objective. Only after the Vietnamese air defense system was neutralized, and bombing missions were conducted virtually unopposed, did the North Vietnamese leadership finally realize that they were better off returning to the peace negotiations. This application of air power illustrates the ability of air and space forces to exercise the principles of mass and offensive action.

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