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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Information Superiority | Information-in-Warfare | Offensive Counterinformation | Defensive Counterinformation | Information Services | Air Force IO Organizations | NAF-level IO Organization | IW Flights | Space Operations | Space Characteristics | Orbit Characteristics | Space Missions | Space Force Enhancement | Air Force Space Organization | SPACEAF AOC | Theater Space Support | AOC Space & Info Ops | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: Information Superiority

Action: Show the following quote by Sun Tzu as the page begins, also present a picture of troops looking at radar, and geographic images to symbolize information superiority:

“Know thy enemy and know thyself; in a hundred battles you will never be in peril.”
Sun Tzu, The Art of War

Voice: History is replete with examples showing a high correlation between information superiority and victory. The need for information has been recognized since man first gave warfare serious thought and today’s Air Force has developed information superiority as one of its distinctive capabilities.

Action: Remove the previous graphic and present a chart that begins with the following headings and pop up boxes:

Information Superiority: The degree of dominance in the information domain which allows friendly forces the ability to collect, control, exploit, and defend information without effective opposition.

Information Operations: Those actions taken to gain, exploit, defend, or attack information and information systems and include both information-in-warfare and information warfare.

Information Warfare: IIW operations provide commanders battlespace situational awareness across the spectrum of conflict. IIW functions involve the Air Force’s extensive capabilities to provide awareness based on integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) assets; its information collection and dissemination activities; and its global navigation and positioning, weather, and communications capabilities.

Information Warfare: Information operations conducted to defend one’s own information and information systems, or to attack and affect an adversary’s information and information systems.

Counterinformation seeks to establish a desired degree of control in information functions that permits friendly forces to operate at a given time or place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force.

Defensive Counterinformation: Activities conducted to protect and defend friendly information and information systems.

Offensive Counterinformation: Offensive IO/IW activities conducted to control the information environment by denying, degrading, disrupting, destroying, and deceiving the adversary’s information and information systems.

Information Services: Provide the infrastructure, communications pathways, computing power, applications support, information management, and network operations to make the global information grid a reality.

Voice: Information superiority is “that degree of dominance in the information domain which allows friendly forces the ability to collect, control, exploit, and defend information without effective opposition.” The Air Force conducts information operations, or IO, to achieve information superiority. IO are those actions taken to gain, exploit, defend, or attack information and information systems and include both information-in-warfare and information warfare. Information-in-warfare, or IIW, provides commanders battlespace situational awareness across the spectrum of conflict. IIW functions involve the Air Force’s extensive capabilities to provide awareness based on integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) assets; its information collection and dissemination activities; and its global navigation and positioning, weather, and communications capabilities. Information warfare, IW, involves operations conducted to defend one’s own information and information systems, or to attack and affect an adversary’s information and information systems. IW operations are conducted within the air and space power function of counterinformation. Counterinformation seeks to establish a desired degree of control in information functions that permits friendly forces to operate at a given time or place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force. Like the counterair function, counterinformation has a defensive and offensive component. Defensive counterinformation, or DCI, involves activities conducted to protect and defend friendly information and information systems. Offensive counterinformation, or OCI, involves activities conducted to control the information environment by denying, degrading, disrupting, destroying, and deceiving the adversary’s information and information systems. IW and IIW are enabled and supported by information services. Information services provide the infrastructure, communications pathways, computing power, applications support, information management, and network operations to make what’s called the global information grid a reality. The next few pages will take a closer look at how information operations support military operations.

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