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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Information Superiority | Information-in-Warfare | Offensive Counterinformation | Defensive Counterinformation | Information Services | Air Force IO Organizations | NAF-level IO Organization | IW Flights | Space Operations | Space Characteristics | Orbit Characteristics | Space Missions | Space Force Enhancement | Air Force Space Organization | SPACEAF AOC | Theater Space Support | AOC Space & Info Ops | Summary | Quiz ]
Title: Information Services
Action: Begin with the information superiority chart from earlier, transition into the global information grid image, which shows the earth overlaid by a web representing information exchange, also add a triangular pattern with the elements DOD, NSO's, and Intel community as each is mentioned and connect the three via arrows. Ultimately, these images will fade and give way to the following list which will provide links to pop-up text boxes:
Voice: Air Force information services (ISvs) provide the infrastructure, communications pathways, computing information services power, applications support, information management, and network operations to make the global information grid a reality. The global information grid, or GIG, is the globally interconnected, end-to-end set of information capabilities, associated processes, and personnel for collecting, processing, storing, disseminating, and managing information on demand to warfighters, policy makers, and support personnel supporting the DOD, intelligence community and other national security organizations. ISvs support the Air Force component of the GIG. The elements of the Air Force’s ISvs include: information assurance; applications; spectrum management; information resources management; establishment, operation, and sustainment of networks; and information technology infrastructure. ISvs are a critical part of the Air Force’s effort to achieve information superiority. For example, ISvs provide the underpinnings for reachback capabilities, tight sensor-to-shooter links and distributive collaborative planning tools. The result of optimized information services is confidence in the integrity and reliability of available information—a prerequisite for information superiority. More information about each element of ISvs can be seen by placing your cursor over it.
Action: Below is the pop-up text list.
Information Assurance: Information operations that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation. This includes providing for restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities. The Air Force employs a defense-in-depth philosophy by providing layered and integrated protection of information, information systems, and networks. The other five elements of information services, when properly implemented, operated, maintained, protected, and defended, result in information assurance.
Applications: Many information products presented to operators and decision makers are derived from software programs. The information products and the software that helps produce them are often referred to as applications. Modern applications address many needs: from database tools that store, manipulate, and retrieve information to the software that ties together ground, air, and space-based command and control (C2) and combat support systems. Using real-time and historical data, supporting analysis, and operational risk assessments, well-developed applications enable better decisions to be made as quickly as conditions demand.
Spectrum Management: Access to the electromagnetic spectrum is vital to sustaining forces. It is as critical to the proper employment of air and space power as jet fuel or bombs. Rigorous planning must be accomplished at all levels of command during peace and conflict to ensure that mission critical elements of the electromagnetic spectrum are available.
Information Resource Management (IRM): The process of managing information resources to accomplish the mission. Successful IRM is measured at the point of need: the operator or decision maker is presented with information matched to the task at hand. To ensure the appropriate information is available for delivery to the appropriate user, the Air Force treats information as a strategic resource throughout its life cycle (from acquisition or creation through disposition, including protection and access for storage, retrieval, use, and distribution).
Establish, Operate, and Sustain Networks: Air Force owned and supported networks provide a spectrum of services to include data, voice, and video, both wired and wireless. This element of ISvs attempts to balance the needs of efficient network operations with network security. Balancing these sometimes conflicting needs demands knowledgeable, well-informed commanders, highly skilled personnel equipped with the proper technical expertise, and the resources to ensure the Air Force has robust, effective, and assured communications and information networks. The Air Force accomplishes network operations by employing a three tiered management structure consisting of the:
Information Technology (IT) Infrastructure: To maintain a position of information superiority, the infrastructure supporting the GIG must adopt leading edge IT while maintaining a focus on interoperability, sustainability, and maintainability. To ensure the right IT is properly incorporated into the GIG, two things must happen in order:
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