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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Information Superiority | Information-in-Warfare | Offensive Counterinformation | Defensive Counterinformation | Information Services | Air Force IO Organizations | NAF-level IO Organization | IW Flights | Space Operations | Space Characteristics | Orbit Characteristics | Space Missions | Space Force Enhancement | Air Force Space Organization | SPACEAF AOC | Theater Space Support | AOC Space & Info Ops | Summary | Quiz ]
Title: Offensive Counterinformation (OCI)
Action: Begin by showing the information superiority chart, highlight the defend and attack portions of the graph as they are defined in the narration:
Voice: You’ll recall that information warfare is the attack and defend portion of IO versus IIW’s gain and exploit functions. Offensive counterinformation is the attack part of IW.
Action: Bring in the following list and fade as each is mentioned in the narration:
DENY, DEGRADE, DISRUPT, DESTROY, DECEIVE
Voice: It includes activities where we use information as a weapon or attack the enemy’s information systems or just the information contained within them. OCI controls the information realm by denying, degrading, disrupting, destroying, or deceiving the enemy’s information or information systems through…
Action: The following list will fade in and link to a static html page, this page will contain some images of pamphlets dispersed throughout Iraq, in DESERT STORM:
Voice: …psychological operations or PSYOP, electronic warfare, military deception, physical attack, computer network attack, and public affairs operations. You can click each activity to learn more about it.
Psychological Operations (PSYOPS):
The supreme excellence is not to win a hundred victories in a hundred battles. The supreme excellence
is to subdue the armies of your enemies without even having to fight them.
Planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence
their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments,
organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of psychological operations is to induce or
reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator’s objectives.
Jt Pub 1-02 (as quoted in AFDD 2-5.3)
PSYOP leaflets induced terror in Iraqi troops and supported amphibious assault deception in DESERT STORM
Leaflets, when combined with the use of the BLU-82, had a devastating effect on the morale of Iraqi soldiers in DESERT STORM
Electronic Warfare (EW)- Any military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. EW spans the spectrum of IO operations.
“For the great majority of mankind are satisfied with appearances as though they were realities
and are often more influenced by the things that seem than by those that are.”
Military Deception – Actions executed to deliberately mislead adversary military
decision makers as to friendly military capabilities, intentions, and operations, thereby causing the
adversary to take specific actions (or inactions) that will contribute to the accomplishment of the
Jt Pub 1-02 (as quoted in AFDD 2-5)
Operation FORTITUDE NORTH - During WWII airpower heavily bombed the Pas de Calais area rather than Normandy, feeding the German bias for believing the former would be the invasion site.
“...the purpose of physical attack in a counterinformation role is to affect adversary information or
information systems by using a physical weapon to create a specific effect on the adversary.”
Computer Network Attack (CNA):
Computer Network Attack (CNA) – Operations to disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy information resident in computers and computer networks, or the computers and networks themselves
Public Affairs (PA) Operations:
PA operations can be used for offensive counterinformation operations. PA operations can contribute to global influence and deterrence by making foreign leaders aware of US capabilities and by countering enemy propaganda with the truth. Communicating capabilities can be a force multiplier and may deter potential adversaries by “driving a crisis back to peace” before use of force becomes necessary
The Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan recognizes Informational Flexible Deterrent Options (IFDOs) as an alternative for accomplishing operational missions other than “bombs on target.”
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