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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Air and Space Power Characteristics | The Seven Tenets | Centralized Control and Decentralized Execution | Applying the Tenet | Example: North Africa | Example: Battle of Britain | Flexibility and Versatility | Example: Multi-role Employment | Example: Parallel Operations | Priority | Example: Yom Kippur War | Synergistic Effects | Example: Operation ENDURING FREEDOM | WWII-Control the Air | Persistence | Example: Huels Synthetic Rubber Plant | Example: Operation DESERT STORM | Concentration | Example: Battle of Britain | Example: Deliberate Force | Balance | Example: Yom Kippur War | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: Example: North Africa

Action: The screen begins with the title to the following bulleted text to screen left, present each bullet when mentioned in the narration:

Learning the Lesson: Centralized Control and Decentralized Execution

Voice: The notion of centralized control and decentralized execution first appeared in U.S. air power doctrine as the direct result of bitter experiences in World War Two. Following the landings in northwest Africa in late 1942, Allied airpower was parceled out in support of specific ground units. The individual ground commanders set the priorities for their air forces. This fragmentation of effort hampered the airmen from ever achieving air superiority, which of course, adversely affected their ability to provide effective support to ground units.

Action: Replace previous text with the cover of FM 100-20, along with the following passage from that manual:

Command of Air Power The inherent flexibility of air power, is its greatest asset. This flexibility makes it possible to employ the whole weight of the available air power against selected areas in turn; such concentrated use of the air striking force is a battle winning factor of the first importance. Control of available air power must be centralized and command must be exercised through the air force commander if this inherent flexibility and ability to deliver a decisive blow are to be fully exploited. therefore, the command of air and ground forces in a theater of operations will be vested in the superior commander charged with the actual conduct of operations in the theater, who will exercise command of air forces through the air force commander and command of ground forces through the ground force commander. The superior commander will not attach army air forces to units of the ground forces under his command except when such ground force units are operating independently or are isolated by distance or lack of communication.

Voice: This passage from FM 100-20 clearly states the lessons that were learned. Unlike the rest of the manual, this section was typeset in capital letters, apparently to impress its importance onto the reader.

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