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Lesson Index: [ Introduction | Lesson Objective | Overview | Early Perspective of War | Rise of Total War | WWI Perspective | Context for Airpower | Aircraft as a Military Tool | Aircraft for Strategic Effects | Early Airpower Theorists | Aipower Theorists—Douhet | Douhet’s Theory | Implications of Douhet’s Theory | Douhet’s Impact | Aipower Theorists—Trenchard | Trenchard’s Theory | Implications of Trenchard’s Theory | Trenchard’s Impact | Aipower Theorists—Mitchell | Mitchell’s Theory | Implications of Mitchell’s Theory | Mitchell’s Impact | Mitchell’s Legacy | Summary | Quiz ]

Title: World War I Perspective

Voice: A view into what the “quick” war would become occurred in August 1914, when out of the 1.5 million French troops who went on campaign, nearly one in four were casualties after six weeks of fighting. This bloody toll foreshadowed the carnage that would follow as over 8 million combatants were killed and total casualties numbered over 37 million. Over half of all the forces mobilized were casualties of the fighting. Among the noncombatants approximately 10 million were killed, and again, tens of millions more injured. As the war continued, strategies changed from one of securing ground to one of bloody attrition. The war quickly settled into static trench warfare between armies, which employed poison gas, machine guns, and artillery bombardment to effect wholesale slaughter along battlefields spanning hundreds of miles.

Action: As the narration plays, more scenes of the devastation of World War I are presented. All are typified by the completely lifeless landscape. Scenes include a soldier carrying his dead comrade draped over his shoulders, a machine gun spewing forth fire, and men climbing out of their trench with gas masks on to charge. Text bullets appear to reinforce the narration:

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