IWS - The Information Warfare Site
News Watch Make a  donation to IWS - The Information Warfare Site Use it for navigation in case java scripts are disabled

25 February 2003

Fact Sheet Details Timeline of U.N.-Iraq-Coalition Activity 1991-2002

(Department of State Fact Sheet) (2480)

The following fact sheet records United Nations, Iraqi, and
coalition-related events from March 2, 1991-November 18, 2002. This
timeline also appears in multiple languages in the online publication
"Iraq From Fear to Freedom," available at
http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/iraq/

(begin fact sheet)

U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs
February 25, 2003

Fact Sheet

Timeline of UN-Iraq-Coalition Activity

2002
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

11 Feb  UN Special Rapporteur
        visits Baghdad

14 May  UNSC adopts RES 1409,
        revised 300-page Goods
        Review List

12 Sep  UNSC begins discussion on
        Iraqi non-compliance with
        UN resolutions

17 Sep                            Iraq says it will
                                  permit UN weapons
                                  inspections

8 Nov   UNSC adopts RES 1441
        outlining provisions for
        enhanced weapons
        inspections

13 Nov                           Iraq accepts RES 1441

18 Nov  UNMOVIC and IAEA chairman
        in Baghdad for technical
        talks

2001
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

2 Mar   UN Secretary-General
        reports Iraq's
        underproduction of oil is
        affecting critical
        humanitarian programs

7 Mar   UN-Iraq talks in NY on
        renewing weapons
        inspections

8 Apr                            Iraq suspends oil
                                 production

18 Apr  UN-Iraq talks in NY on
        renewing weapons
        inspections

20 Apr                                               US, UK strike
                                                     mobile early
warning radar in
                                                     response to
20 Apr increasing Iraqi
                                                     acts against
coalition aircraft
                                                     in the southern
                                                     no-fly zone

1 May   UN-Iraq talks in NY on
        renewing weapons
        inspections

1 Jun   UNSC adopts RES 1352 to
        revise economic sanctions
        to improve flow of
        civilian goods into Iraq

3 Sep                            Iraq orders 5 UN
                                 Oil-for-Food workers
                                 to leave Baghdad
                                 without consulting UN

2000
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

27 Jan  Hans Blix is appointed
        chairman of UNMOVIC

Mar                               Iraq rejects UN
                                  proposal for Hajj
                                  pilgrims

31 Mar  UNSC adopts RES 1293
        doubling allocations for
        oil spare parts

7 Apr   UNMOVIC chairman Blix
        submits organizational
        plan to UNSC

13 Apr  UNSC approves UNMOVIC
        organizational plan

8 Jun   UN Secretary-General
        reports that Iraq has
        sufficient revenues to
        take care of food and
        nutrition and solve
        health problems; UNSC
        adopts RES 1302 improving
        implementation of
        humanitarian program

9 Nov                            Iraq attempts to gain
                                 direct control over
                                 some oil

20 Nov  UN Sanctions Committee
        rejects Iraqi oil
        surcharge proposal

30 Nov                           Iraq rejects UN
                                 Secretary-General
                                 offer to discuss
                                 weapons inspections

1 Dec                            Iraq temporarily
                                 halts oil exports

1999
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

4 Jan                             Iraq advises UN that
                                  it will not renew
                                  visas for US and UK
                                  Oil-for-Food monitors
                                  because it could not
                                  guarantee their
                                  safety

27 Jan  Hans von Sponeck visits
        southern Iraq and reports
        on damage caused by air
        strikes

3 Feb   UN Secretary-General
        Annan orders all US and
        UK Oil-for-Food monitors
        out of Iraq

Mar                                Iraq rejects UN
                                   proposal for Hajj
                                   pilgrims

Oct     UNSC adopts RES 1266
        allowing Iraq to exceed
        oil sales ceiling

17 Dec  UNSC adopts RES 1284       Iraq has yet to
        specifying conditions      accept RES 1284
        under which sanctions
        would be suspended;
        establishes United
        Nations Monitoring,
        Verification and
       Inspection Commission
       (UNMOVIC) to continue
       UNSCOM's mandate;
       eliminates cap on Iraqi
       oil exports

1998
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

12 Jan                            Iraq announces that
                                  it will bar further
                                  inspections by UNSCOM
                                  team led by Scott
                                  Ritter because of
                                  "imbalance" of US and
                                  UK inspectors

14 Jan  UNSC presidential
        statement declares Iraqi
        actions a clear
        violation

16 Jan  UNSCOM team led by Scott
        Ritter leaves Iraq

20 Feb  UNSC adopts RES 1153
        expanding oil sales to
        $5.2 billion

20-23 Feb  UN Secretary-General
           visits Iraq and reaches
           an agreement with
           Baghdad for limited
           inspections of
           presidential sites

2 Mar      UNSC adopts RES 1154
           endorsing agreement
           between UNSCOM Chief
           Ekeus and Iraqi Deputy
           Prime Minister Aziz,
           warns of severest
           consequences if Baghdad
           fails to heed agreement

26 Mar-3   UN inspectors
Apr        accompanied by diplomats
           inspect presidential
           sites

4 Apr                            Iraq allows access to
                                 presidential sites

14 May  UNSC presidential
        statement on transition
        of IAEA to long-term
        monitoring

19 Jun  UNSC adopts RES 1175
        authorizing the
        allocation of $300
        million for oil spare
        parts

5 Aug                            Iraq's RCC and Ba'ath
                                 Party Command halt
                                 cooperation with
                                 UNSCOM and IAEA, end
                                 no-notice
                                 inspections;
                                 monitoring activities
                                 are allowed to
                                 continue

9 Sep  UNSC adopts RES 1194
       condemning Iraq and
       suspending reviews of
       sanctions until UNSCOM
       is permitted to resume
       full operations

31 Oct UNSC press statement      Saddam ends all
       condemns Iraq, calls      cooperation with
       move a flagrant           UNSCOM
       violation of UN
       resolutions

5 Nov  UNSC adopts RES 1205
       ordering Iraq to resume
       cooperation with UNSCOM

14 Nov                          Saddam allows UNSCOM   US airstrikes
                                to return to Iraq      aborted after
                                                       Saddam allows
UNSCOM's return;
US/UK threaten
                                                       Without full
                                                       cooperation,
they will strike
without warning

9-14 Dec  UNSCOM team obstructed
          during inspections of
          suspect sites

15-16 Dec UNSCOM reports to UNSC
          that it is unable to
          perform disarmament
          mandate, withdraws
          inspectors

6-19 Dec Operation Desert
                                                      Fox

19 Dec                           Iraq declares that
                                 UNSCOM will never be
                                 allowed back in Iraq

1997
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
23 Feb                           Iraq allows UNSCOM to
                                 remove Scud missile
                                 engines from Iraq

early Jun                        Iraq interferes with
                                 UNSCOM's aerial
                                 operations in four
                                 separate incidents

10 Jun                           Iraq blocks UNSCOM
                                 access to site for
                                 seven hours

12 Jun                           Iraq denies UNSCOM
                                 access to two sites

13 Jun  UNSC presidential
        statement deplores
        Iraq's interference with
        UN aerial inspections

21 Jun  UNSC adopts RES 1115
        condemning "clear and
        flagrant violations" of
        relevant resolutions,
        suspends sanctions
        reviews

17 Sep  UNSC press statement     Iraqis video-taped
        expressing concern over  burning documents at
        Iraqi interference with  sensitive sites as
        inspections              inspectors wait at
                                 gate

Sep/Oct                          Iraq blocks UNSC
                                 access to
                                 presidential site

23 Oct  UNSC adopts RES 1134
        condemning Iraq's
        noncompliance and
        threatens travel ban for
        Iraqi officials

29 Oct UNSC presidential         Iraq states it will
       statement condemns        no longer accept US
       Iraq's announcement and   personnel in UNSCOM
       demands that it reverse   and demands that U-2
       its decision              flights end
       unconditionally

2 Nov                            Iraq warns that
                                 UNSCOM U-2 missions
                                 will fly "at their
                                 own risk"

12 Nov  UNSC adopts RES 1137
        banning travel of Iraqi
        officials responsible
        for Iraq's obstruction
        of UNSCOM inspections

13 Nov  UNSCOM withdraws all     Iraq demands that all
        personnel except for     US inspectors leave
        only a skeleton staff    within 24 hours
        in Baghdad; UNSC
        presidential statement
        condemns Iraq

20 Nov                           Iraq agrees to
                                 reverse decision to
                                 expel US UNSCOM
                                 inspectors

22 Dec  UNSCOM inspects
        "sensitive sites" after
        Iraq delays entry; UNSC
        presidential statement
        terms Iraqi obstruction
        a clear violation of
        relevant UN resolutions

1996
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

8 Mar                            Iraq refuses UNSCOM
                                 access to Ministry of
                                 Irrigation for 18
                                 hours

11 Mar                           Iraq refuses UNSCOM
                                 access to Republican
                                 Guard training
                                 facility for 12 hours

27 Mar  UNSC adopts RES 1051
        establishing
        export-monitoring
        mechanism and review for
        dual-use goods

20 May                           Iraq accepts RES 986

11 Jun                           Iraq denies UNSCOM
                                 access to Republican
                                 Guard facility and
                                 refuses to allow
                                 UNSCOM helicopter to
                                 monitor site

12 Jun  UNSC adopts RES 1060
        demanding that Iraq
        grant immediate access
        to sites and terms Iraqi
        actions as clear
        violations of UN
        resolutions

13 Jun                           Iraq blocks UNSCOM
                                 access to two
                                 additional facilities

14 Jun  UNSC issues presidential
        statement sending Rolf
        Ekeus to Baghdad to
        secure access

24 Jun  UNSCOM reaches agreement
        with Iraq establishing
        procedures for
        inspections

16 Jul                           Iraq refuses UNSCOM
                                 access to two
                                 facilities

23 Aug  UNSC issues presidential
        statement terming Iraqi
        obstruction gross
        violation of Iraq's
        obligations

3 Sep US and UK expand
                                                     southern no-fly
                                                     zone to 33rd
                                                     parallel and
strike targets in
                                                     response to
Iraq's 31 August
                                                     move into
                                                     Kurdish-held
                                                     territory

16 Nov                           Iraq refuses to allow
                                 UNSCOM removal of
                                 missile remnants

30 Dec  UNSC presidential
        statement deplores Iraqi
        refusal to allow removal
        of missile engines from
        Iraq

1995
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

14 Apr  UNSC adopts RES 986
        offering Iraq another
        opportunity to export
        petroleum products and
        to use proceeds to meet
        humanitarian needs

15 Apr                           Iraq rejects RES 986

14 Jun                           Iraq threatens to
                                 halt cooperation with
                                 UN by August if
                                 UNSCOM report is
                                 unfavorable

1 Jul                            Iraq admits for the
                                 first time existence
                                 of offensive
                                 biological weapons
                                 program

4 Aug                            Iraq submits "full,
                                 final, and complete
                                 declaration" on its
                                 biological weapons
                                 program

8 Aug                            Hussein Kamal --
                                 Saddam's son-in-law
                                 and figure in charge
                                 of Iraq's WMD effort
                                 defects

17 Aug                           Iraq withdraws June
                                 deadline and admits
                                 that its biological
                                 weapons program is
                                 more extensive than
                                 previously
                                 acknowledged

7 Nov                            Iraq submits new
                                 declarations on its
                                 BW and CW programs to
                                 UNSCOM

10 Nov  Under UN mandate, Jordan
        intercepts shipment of
        Russian-origin missile
        gyroscopes intended for
        Iraq

1994
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

4 Mar   UNSC adopts RES 899
        stating that
        compensation may be made
        to Iraqi citizens for
        loss of assets from
        demarcation of
        Iraq-Kuwait border

6 Oct                            Iraq threatens to
                                 cease cooperation
                                 with UNSCOM and the
                                 IAEA, moves troops
                                 towards Kuwaiti
                                 border

7 Oct                                                US buildup of
forces in region
                                                     begins

8 Oct   UNSC presidential
        statement expresses
        grave concern over Iraqi
        actions toward UNSCOM
        and Kuwait

15 Oct  UNSC adopts RES 949
        condemning Iraq's
        large-scale deployment
        of military units toward
        Kuwaiti border

20 Oct                                               US, UK issue
demarche to Iraq
                                                     prohibiting
"enhancement" of
                                                     military
                                                     capabilities
                                                     south of 32nd
                                                     parallel,
                                                     establishing
                                                     no-drive zone

10 Nov                           Iraq formally
                                 recognizes Kuwait and
                                 UN border demarcation
                                 in compliance with
                                 RES 833

16 Nov  UNSC presidential
        statement welcomes Iraqi
        recognition of Kuwait

1993
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

8 Jan   UNSC presidential        Iraq announces it
        statement terms Iraqi    cannot guarantee the
        restrictions of UN       safety of UN aircraft
        aircraft a material      flying over Iraqi
        breach of RES 687        territory

10 Jan                           Iraq removes
                                 equipment from the
                                 Kuwaiti side of DMZ

11 Jan  UNSC presidential
        statement condemns Iraq
        for material breach of
        RES 687 in preventing
        UNSCOM from flying its
        own aircraft

13 Jan                                               US, UK, France
conduct air raids
                                                     on Iraqi
                                                     anti-aircraft
missile sites and
                                                     radar bases in
                                                     southern Iraq

17 Jan US fires missiles
                                                     at industrial
                                                     complex in
suburban Baghdad

18-21 Jan US and UK launch
air raids against
                                                     radar sites in
                                                     southern and
                                                     northern Iraq

5 Feb   UNSC adopts RES 806
        allowing UNIKOM to take
        direct action to prevent
        or redress violations in
        DMZ

27 May  UNSC adopts RES 833
        reaffirming Kuwaiti
        border issues in RES
        733; guarantees
        inviolability of border

10 Jun                           Iraq refuses to allow
                                 emplacement of UN
                                 monitoring cameras at
                                 weapons facilities

18 Jun  UNSC presidential
        statement terms Iraq's
        refusal of cameras
        material breach of RES
        687, warns of serious
        consequences

27 Jun                                               US launches
cruise missile at
                                                     Iraqi
                                                     intelligence
                                                     headquarters in
                                                     retaliation for
                                                     assassination
                                                     plot against
former President
                                                     Bush

28 Jun  UNSC presidential
        statement criticizes
        Iraqi statements on
        boundary demarcation

19 Jul                           Iraq agrees to
                                 emplacement of
                                 monitoring cameras
                                 following Rolf Ekeus
                                 visit to Baghdad

16-20 Nov                        Iraqi demonstrators
                                 cross into Kuwaiti
                                 territory protesting
                                 border demarcation

23 Nov  UNSC presidential
        statement terms Iraqi
        border violations breach
        of RES 687

26 Nov                           Iraq accepts RES 715

1992
---------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

19 Feb  UNSC presidential
        statement endorses visit
        of UNSCOM chairman to
        Iraq to obtain
        unconditional Iraqi
        acceptance of UN
        resolutions

28 Feb  UNSC presidential
        statement deplores
        Iraq's failure to
        disclose WMD programs

11 Mar  UNSC presidential        Iraqi Deputy Foreign
        statement reviews Iraqi  Minister Aziz
        noncompliance with UN    discusses compliance
        resolutions              with UNSC

19 Mar                           Iraq agrees to
                                 provide UNSCOM full,
                                 final and complete
                                 declaration of its
                                 weapons program

19 Jun  UNSC presidential
        statement notes concern
        over Iraqi statements
        critical of boundary
        demarcation

5-26 Jul                         Iraq refuses to
                                 provide UNSCOM with
                                 access to the
                                 Ministry of
                                 Agriculture until the
                                 UNSC president's
                                 statement

6 Jul   UNSC presidential
        statement declares that
        Iraq is in material
        breach of RES 687

26 Aug  UNSC adopts RES 773
        endorsing the work of
        the UN Iraq-Kuwait
        boundary demarcation
        commission

27 Aug                                               No-fly zone
                                                     covering
                                                     territory below
32nd parallel in
southern Iraq is
                                                     created by
coalition states
                                                     in response to
                                                     renewed Iraqi
                                                     airstrikes
                                                     against its
                                                     civilian
                                                     population

2 Oct   UNSC adopts RES 778
        designating proceeds of
        Iraqi petroleum sales to
        UN escrow account

23 Nov  UNSC presidential         Iraqi Deputy Foreign
        reviews Iraqi compliance  Minister Aziz
        with UN resolutions       addresses UNSC and
                                  claims Iraqi
                                  compliance,
                                  criticizing RES 687

1991
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE United Nations Actions/ Iraqi Action Coalition Response
        Security Council Res.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

2 Mar   UNSC adopts RES 686
        ordering cessation of
        hostilities

3 Mar                            Iraq accepts RES 686

3 Apr   UNSC adopts RES 687
        outlining provisions of
        cease-fire and setting
        up inspections

5 Apr   UNSC adopts RES 688
        ordering cessation of
        Baghdad's repression of
        Iraqi civilians

6 Apr                            Iraq accepts        US, UK, France
                                 RES 687             begin enforcing
                                                     no-fly zone
                                                     covering
                                                     territory north
of 36th parallel

19 Apr    UNSCOM is created to
          carry out RES 687

15-21 May IAEA conducts first
          nuclear inspection in
          Iraq

20 May    UNSC adopts RES 692
          establishing UN
          Compensation Fund /
          Commission

9-15 Jun  UNSCOM conducts first
          chemical weapons
          inspection

17 Jun    UNSC adopts RES 699
          approving UN
          Secretary-General plan
          to eliminate Iraq's WMD
          programs

17 Jun    UNSC adopts RES 700
          approving guidelines for
          monitoring Iraqi arms
          embargo

23-28 Jun                        Iraq caught
                                 attempting to conceal
                                 nuclear equipment

28 Jun    UNSC presidential
          statement condemns Iraq
          for flagrant violations
          of RES 687 in denying
          inspectors access

30 Jun-7  UNSCOM conducts first
Jul       missile inspection

2-8 Aug   UNSCOM conducts first
          biological weapons
          inspection

11 Aug    UNSCOM begins
          reconnaissance flights
          over Iraq

15 Aug    UNSC adopts RES 705
          stating that Gulf War
          compensation paid by
          Iraq shall not exceed
          30% of annual value of
          oil exports

15 Aug    UNSC adopts RES 706    Iraq has never
          authorizing 6-month    accepted RES 706
          export of Iraqi
          petroleum products to
          finance purchase of
          humanitarian supplies

15 Aug    UNSC adopts RES 707
          demanding that Iraq halt
          all nuclear activities
          and provide full
          disclosure of weapons
          programs

16 Aug                           Iraq objects to RES
                                 705 and 707

6-24 Sep                         Iraq blocks UNSCOM's
                                 use of helicopters on
                                 inspections, accepts
                                 on 24 Sept

19 Sep   UNSC adopts RES 712     Iraq has never
         addressing various      accepted RES 712
         aspects of Iraqi
         petroleum sales in RES
         706

21-30 Sept                       Iraq refuses to allow
                                 IAEA inspectors to
                                 leave inspection site
                                 with nuclear
                                 documents

11 Oct  UNSC adopts RES 715
        approving plans for
        system of ongoing
        monitoring to verify
        Iraqi compliance and to
        detect WMD
        reconstitution

11 Dec                           Iraq releases
                                 information on its
                                 nuclear program

(end fact sheet)

(Distributed by the Office of International Information Programs, U.S.
Department of State. Web site: http://usinfo.state.gov)