"That separation of foreign and domestic intelligence collection places limits
on the effectiveness of our intelligence, which I believe have to be removed
in order to better combat terrorist threats," he said.
Currently, the CIA is responsible for foreign intelligence gathering while
the FBI oversees domestic intelligence.
But Mr. Deutsch, who served as CIA director and defense secretary under President
Clinton, says the FBI is too concerned with law enforcement to effectively
gather and analyze domestic threats.
"But the heart of the matter is to have a set of dedicated and capable intelligence
analysts who have access to all available information and who can objectively
give you their unvarnished best estimate," said John Deutsch. "It does not
guarantee you successful intelligence because the policy maker may still
not listen. But you have to have the elements collect the information, do
analysis, and have a policy maker that is willing to listen."
Mr. Deutsch and James Steinberg, a former deputy national security adviser,
also support the establishment of a domestic security service modeled after
Britain's MI-5, which has the authority to monitor suspected terrorists inside
Bush administration officials are resisting the idea of setting up a domestic
agency like MI-5 out of concern that many Americans might find it too intrusive.
The administration has established the Terrorist Threat Integration Center,
which pools intelligence data from the CIA, the FBI, and other government agencies.
But not everyone believes that U.S. intelligence gathering is in need of
a major bureaucratic overhaul. James Schlesinger served as President Nixon's
CIA Director in 1973."
No one would question that management can always be improved," he said. "But
major organizational change is not the salvation. I would submit that the real
challenge lies in recruiting, fostering, training, and motivating people with
But Mr. Schlesinger also told the independent commission probing the September
11 attacks that U.S. intelligence officials need to do a better job of reaching
(out) to a wider variety of sources for information.
"There was, I think, insufficient contact with people in the oil industry
with regard to the ferment in the Middle East," said James Schlesinger. "These
people are out there. They know what is going on. They know what is going
on better than somebody sitting in his cubicle at [CIA Headquarters at Langley,
Virginia] or at the DIA [Defense Intelligence Agency]."
A congressional inquiry into the September 11 terrorist attacks found that
serious failings by the intelligence agencies left the United States vulnerable
to terrorist attack.
The independent commission probing the 2001 terrorist attacks is looking
at a possible restructuring of the intelligence establishment as part of its
mandate to consider how the country can better defend itself against future