The Bush administration has announced
it is now ready to open negotiations with allied countries on the future global
posture of U.S. military forces.
The coming negotiations could see a dramatic overhaul of basing and access
arrangements for U.S. forces overseas that have been in place for half a century.
But for the moment, senior Pentagon and State Department officials are declining
to offer any details of the future vision the Bush administration intends to
take into the talks.
And Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld told reporters it could be a lengthy
negotiating process. "It very likely will take some period of months to complete
those consultations and discussions, to come to some conviction about what
we actually believe is in the best interests of all of us, the United States
as well as our allies and alliances and friends and then it will take some
period of years to actually roll out those decisions," he said.
General Richard Myers, the chairman of the military's Joint Chiefs of Staff,
acknowledges the prospect of change could make some people nervous.
But he said the goal will be enhancing global security. "However we come
out of here, however we rearrange, that we are stronger in terms of our security
posture and the posture of our friends and allies," he said.
It is thought U.S. bases in Western Europe could be closed down or substantially
reduced in size as a result of the coming talks. Some defense officials have
suggested it might be more prudent to have military facilities available further
to the east, where U.S. forces could react more quickly to crises in the Mideast
or Central Asia.
Other defense officials have suggested the emphasis may be placed on opening
bases that would have few permanent troops but which could be quickly turned
into staging areas for large forces in the event of an emergency.
Senior Pentagon and State Department officials acknowledge the principles
that will guide U.S. negotiators in the coming talks will include flexibility
to contend with uncertainty, the development of rapid deployment capabilities
and expanded allied roles as well as new security partnerships.