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Francis J. Harvey on NCW, IO, IA, IPv6, OSS, GIG

US Senate Committee on Armed Services, Wednesday January 28, 2004, 4:00 PM This nominations hearing was originally scheduled to be held at 9:30 this morning.

To consider the following nominations:


Francis J. Harvey
to be Assistant Secretary of
Defense for Networks and Information Integration


Advance Questions

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IV. Major Challenges and Problems

A. In your view, what are the major challenges that will confront the ASD (NII)?

I believe there are four major challenges that will confront the ASD(NII).
The first challenge the successful execution of the major communication and information systems programs which, as a whole, are intended to build the foundation of network-centric operations. Building this foundation is key to the Secretary's strategic initiative to fundamentally transform the way our forces fight and how the DoD does business. The second challenge, which is closely related to the first, is the successful integration of the programs that are being developed and deployed to produce network-centric capabilities to support network-centric operations. The third challenge is the smooth and seamless transition of legacy systems to the future, or " be", network-centric GIG. The final challenge is to promote and support dramatic improvements in the efficiency and effectiveness of DoD business processes.
My understanding is that the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) is leading the improvement initiatives and, if confirmed, I plan to work very closely with him to ensure that this effort is highly successful.

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VII. Information Superiority

Many have described the major responsibility of the ASD (NII) as "information superiority." Describe your vision of information superiority for DOD, including any major impediments to information superiority facing the Department.

In the general area of information superiority, a major responsibility of the ASD(NII) is to enable the Information Age Transformation of the DoD by building the foundation for network-centric operations which primarily involves the development and deployment of the future, or "to be", Global Information Grid. On this basis, I envision a Department of Defense that is second to none in its ability to leverage Information Age concepts and technologies, creating an organization that has superior situational awareness, the ability to collaborate as well as to self coordinate and is both interoperable and agile enough to meet the challenges of an uncertain future. Providing each and every individual with access to the information he needs, ensuring that he has access to the individuals and organizations with whom he needs to interact, and facilitating and supporting these interactions with a rich collaborative environment will enable our warfighters to employ new concepts of operation and command and control approaches that are and will continue to emerge to meet the challenges of that uncertain future. At this time I believe the major impediments to progress are 1) our inability to quickly field emerging information related capabilities and 2) cultural barriers to information sharing, collaboration, and experimentation that impede facilitation of these essential conditions.
If confirmed, I will devote my energies and focus the ASD(NII)'s efforts to make each and every individual throughout DoD fully network-enabled, make information accessible, and foster collaboration while simultaneously ensuring that our information and information processes and systems are adequately protected and assured.

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VIII. Information Operations

Joint Vision 2020 describes "information superiority" as a critical element of success in 21st Century conflict. Disrupting the information systems of adversaries, while protecting our own systems from disruption ( i.e., information operations) will be a major element of warfare in the future.

A. Describe your vision for the role of information operations in the conduct of military operations.

As discussed in the previous question, information superiority requires robustly networked forces that share global, secure, reliable, real-time information. Obviously, any disruption to the network or the ability to share information would significantly decrease or neutralize a position of information superiority relative to an adversary. Likewise, adversely affecting an enemy's communications and information systems will improve our relative position and, therefore, enhance our capability to efficiently and effectively conduct network-centric operations.
On this basis, my vision is that information operations plays a critical role in the effective and efficient conduct of network-centric operations and that a major emphasis should be placed on developing a first class capability to conduct these types of operations.

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IX. Information Assurance

The protection of the Department of Defense's critical information infrastructure has become a high priority. Training and retention of personnel in this developing profession of computer security and infrastructure protection has been challenging.

A. Are you satisfied with the Department's current level of effort to protect critical DoD information infrastructures? Have sufficient resources been allocated for this task?

Like other organizations in which I have been involved in the past, DoD appears to be constantly in a race to stay up with technology and to balance growing IT demands with the required security. While I believe the Department has made significant progress over the years in improving its ability to protect information and defend the network, DoD must continue to evolve and strengthen its ability to defend its networks, computer and information systems. If confirmed, I will assess our progress to date and determine what additional actions and resources may be required.

B. What are your views on the professional development and retention of the highly skilled personnel required to ensure the security of our Department of Defense information systems?

In DoD, as in most organizations, development and retention of skilled people is critical and one of our most challenging tasks. It is my understanding that DoD has made strides in identifying and improving the management of these critical personnel. For example, I understand that DoD is making progress with its widely successful IA Scholarship Program, the implementation of Centers of Academic Excellence, and the introduction of a much more security relevant curriculum in DoD professional military education.

C. Given DoD's growing dependence on commercial networks and systems, what role, if any should DoD play in ensuring that the private sector sufficiently addresses information security issues?

By leveraging its important position in the information security market place, DoD needs to make security a priority mandate via its procurement policies and its configuration control requirements.

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X. Conversion to Internet Protocol version 6

The Department has mandated a transition of DoD networks to technologies based on Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6). However, there are concerns that conversion of systems from either IPv4 or asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)-based systems could result in additional costs to critical service programs (such as the Army's Future Combat Systems) and potentially reduce the performance of critical networks, by limiting encryption speeds and reducing network quality of service.

If confirmed, what role do you expect to play in ensuring that cost and performance considerations are appropriately considered by DoD during the transition to IPv6 systems? It is my understanding that in order to accomplish the Information Age Transformation of DoD, a transition to IPv6 technology is necessary. As the DoD CIO, I would ensure that this transition is necessary and fully justified as well as recommend to the Secretary efficient and effective investments to achieve that transition. If confirmed, I plan to stay closely involved in the planning and implementation of the transition process.

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XI. Open Source Software

What are the current challenges facing DoD as it develops strategies for the development and use of open source software?

My understanding is that the challenges facing DoD with respect to Open Source Software (OSS) are similar to those facing any government organization or industry. The principal challenge is to maintain robust security.

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XII. Global Information Grid

A. If confirmed, what would your plans be to ensure adequate test and evaluation of components of the Global Information Grid (GIG)?

It is my understanding that the ASD(NII) development approach to test and evaluation of the GIG involves an end-to-end testing capability. If confirmed, my plan would be to ensure that this approach becomes a reality.

B. If confirmed, how would you assess the current and potential future threats to military forces dependent on the GIG?

If confirmed, I will work in partnership with the Joint Staff, the relevant Combatant Commanders, the Intelligence Community and the Information Security Community to protect the GIG by implementing a risk management based approach. This approach would address current and potential threats to network-centric forces and develop measures to effectively deal with those threats.

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