U.S. Department of Homeland Security
February 2, 2004
Announces FY 2005 Budget
The Department of Homeland Security's budget exhibits the Administration's
continuing commitment to secure the homeland by requesting total
new resources for FY 2005 of $40.2 billion. This is an increase
of 10 percent above the comparable FY 2004 resource level. The
budget substantially increases funding for DHS from 2003 -- the
year that the Department was created -- and continues the dramatic
growth for agencies that are now a part of DHS. The President's
budget as a whole clearly demonstrates the continuing priority
placed on Homeland Security in requesting new government-wide discretionary
resources for FY 2005 of $30 billion. This is an increase of 9.7
percent above the comparable FY 2004 resource level. The budget
for the Department of Homeland Security builds upon the significant
investments to date that improve our safeguards against terrorism,
while also sustaining the many important departmental activities
not directly related to our fight against terrorism. The DHS budget
number includes sources of funding such as discretionary and mandatory
appropriations, offsetting collections from user fees, and trust
The key themes of the budget are as follows:
Strengthening Border and Port Security
$411 million in new funding to maintain and enhance border security
activities, including the expansion of pre-screening cargo containers
in high-risk areas and the detection of individuals attempting
to illegally enter the United States. Additional funding for the
U.S. Coast Guard (8 percent increase) will upgrade port security
efforts and implement the Maritime Transportation Security Act.
Key enhancements in the FY 2005 budget include:
The Container Security Initiative (CSI), which focuses
on pre-screening cargo before it reaches our shores. This budget
includes an increase of $25 million over the current program
funding of $101 million to continue both Phase I and II, as well
as to begin the final phase of CSI.
The United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator
Technology program's (US -VISIT) first phase is deployed
at 115 airports and 14 seaports. US VISIT expedites the arrival
and departure of legitimate travelers, while making it more
difficult for those intending to do us harm to enter our nation.
The budget provides $340 million in 2005, an increase of $12
million over the FY 2004 funding to continue expansion of the
US VISIT system.
Aerial Surveillance and Sensor Technology increases
the effectiveness of the more than 12,000 Border Patrol agents
deployed along the borders, and supports other missions such
as drug interdiction. The CBP budget includes $64.2 million to
enhance land-based detection and monitoring of movement between
the ports. The ICE budget includes $28 million to increase the
flight hours of P-3 aircraft and $12.5 million for long range
Radiation Detection Monitors screen passengers and cargo
coming into the United States. The budget includes $50 million
for the next generation of screening devices for our nation's
ports of entry.
CBP Targeting Systems aid in identifying high-risk cargo
and passengers. The budget includes an increase of $20.6 million
for staffing and technology acquisition to support the National
Targeting Center, trend analysis, and the Automated Targeting
Systems. * The Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT),
focuses on partnerships to improve security along the entire
supply chain, from the factory floor, to foreign vendors, land
borders and seaports. The FY 2005 budget includes an increase
of $15.2 million for this effort.
The U.S. Coast Guard's budget increases 8 percent in
discretionary spending over the comparable FY 2004 level. In
addition to maintaining its ongoing mission, the budget provides
over $100 million to support the implementation of the Maritime
Transportation Security Act, which will increase the Coast Guard's
ability to develop, review and approve vessel and port security
plans, improve underwater detection capabilities, and increase
the intelligence program. The budget also provides the Coast
Guard's ongoing Integrated Deepwater System initiative, funding
the program at $678 million, an increase of $10 million over
the FY 2004 funding level.
An additional $2.5 billion for Project BioShield will be available
in FY 2005 for the development and pre-purchase of necessary medical
countermeasures against weapons of mass destruction, and improved
bio-surveillance by expanding air monitoring for biological agents
in high-threat cities and high-value targets such as stadiums and
transit systems. Specifically, the FY 2005 request includes the
Project BioShield allows the Federal Government to pre-purchase
critically needed vaccines and medications for biodefense as
soon as experts agree that they are safe and effective enough
to be added to the Strategic National Stockpile. The program
seeks to encourage the development of necessary medical countermeasures
against a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear attack.
For 2005, $2.5 billion will be made available for BioShield,
compared with $0.9 billion in 2004 reflecting a 186 percent increase.
Improving Biosurveillance, within DHS, will involve
the Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection (IAIP)
and Science and Technology (S&T) directorates.
In S&T, $65 million to enhance current environmental monitoring activities,
bringing the total FY 2005 investment in this area to $118 million. A
key component of this initiative will be an expansion and deployment
of the next generation of technologies related to the BioWatch Program,
a bio-surveillance warning system.
In IAIP, $11 million is included to integrate, in real-time, biosurveillance
data collected from sensors throughout the country and fuse this data
with information from health and agricultural surveillance and other
terrorist-threat information from the law enforcement and intelligence
National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) is responsible
for managing and coordinating the Federal medical response to
major emergencies and federally declared disasters. For 2005,
FEMA's budget includes $20 million for planning and exercises
associated with medical surge capabilities. The budget transfers
funding for the Strategic National Stockpile to the Department
of Health and Human Services.
Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection
$864.6 million for the Information Analysis and Infrastructure
Protection Directorate (IAIP), a 3 percent increase, will ensure
enhanced capabilities to receive intelligence and information from
an expanded set of sources, to assess the vulnerabilities of the
nation's assets and critical infrastructure, to assess consequences,
and to add capabilities in remediation and protective actions.
Key provisions in the FY 2005 budget include:
Threat Determination and Assessment, tools and unique analytical
capability to enhance the Government's ability to integrate,
synchronize and correlate sources of information relating to
homeland security, emanating from both traditional (Intelligence
and federal law enforcement communities) and non-traditional
(State and local governments and private industry) sources, and
integrate that knowledge with an understanding of exploitable
infrastructure vulnerabilities. One specific area:
$79.8 million to expand the capabilities of the National
Cyber Security Division (NCSD), which implements the public
and private sector partnership protecting cyber security
as it identifies, analyzes, and reduces threats and vulnerabilities;
disseminates threat warning information; and coordinates
cyber incident preparedness, response, and recovery efforts.
$890 million is provided for aviation security, a nearly
20 percent increase, including funds to improve integration
of explosive detection system (EDS) equipment into individual
airports' baggage processing to increase security effectiveness
and promote greater efficiency. In addition, the Federal
Air Marshals will receive supplementary training and have
opportunities to rotate into land-based agent assignments,
further refining their law enforcement skills. Between
FY 2003 and FY 2005, the FAMS budget will grow from $466
million, to $613 million, an increase of 32 percent. Because
aviation continues to be an attractive terrorist target,
we must continue to strengthen our aviation security system.
The 2005 Budget provides:
$5.3 billion for TSA, an increase of $890 million
over resources appropriated in FY 2004. These funds will
be used to continue to improve the quality and efficiency
of screening operations through additional screener training,
stronger management controls of screener performance,
and technology automation. The funding includes $400
million to continue deploying more efficient baggage
screening solutions at our nation's busiest airports.
$85 million for air cargo security in TSA's budget, to
continue the research and deployment of screening technology
started in FY 2004.
$61 million in S&T's budget, to accelerate development
of more effective technologies to counter the threat
of portable anti-aircraft missiles.
Support for state and local first responders
The budget includes a total of $3.6 billion to support
first-responder grants and allotting more of the funds
to high-threat areas facing the greatest risk and vulnerability.
Since March 1, 2003, DHS awarded or allotted over $8 billion
to support state and local preparedness. Between FY 2001
and the FY 2005 budget request, over $14.5 billion in assistance
will be made available for programs now under DHS.
The 2005 Budget request provides $3.6 billion in the
Office for Domestic Preparedness to continue these enhancements
and achieve national preparedness goals - including a doubling
of the Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI). DHS will
also continue grants for law enforcement terrorism prevention
efforts, and direct grants to improve fire departments'
response to terrorism and other major incidents.
Enhancing Immigration Security and Enforcement
A requested appropriated funding increase of $186 million
would fund improvements in immigration enforcement both
domestically and overseas, including a doubling of current
worksite enforcement efforts and a $108 million increase
for the detention and removal of illegal aliens. Overall,
the ICE budget increases by almost 10% over FY 2004. To
enhance immigration security and enforcement, the budget
Detention and Removal. An increase of $108 million
in FY 2005 will expand ongoing fugitive apprehension
efforts and the removal from the United States of jailed
offenders, support additional detention and removal capacity.
Immigration Enforcement appropriated funding
will be increased by $78 million for detecting and locating
individuals in the United States who are in violation
of immigration laws, or who are engaging in immigration-related
fraud and will improve visa security by working cooperatively
with U.S. consular offices to review visa applications.
Reducing the Immigration Backlog
The budget includes $160 million in total resources to
continue progress toward a six-month processing for all
immigration applications, while maintaining security and
continuing the President's multi-year $500 million initiative
to reduce the backlog of applications. Over the last year,
CIS has continued the focus on quality improvements and
expanded national security checks, such as performing background
name checks on all applications before approval.
Investing in Human Resources
$133.5 million to implement a new DHS human resources
system that is mission-centered, fair, and flexible by
rewarding top performers and ensuring that DHS can manage
and deploy its resources to best address homeland security
threats. There will be a phased rollout of the new system
scheduled to begin later this year. The 2005 Budget specifically
$112.5 million to develop and implement the new performance-based
pay system, including training personnel, and
$21 million to create the information technology framework
for the new system.
Increasing DHS Preparedness and Response Capacity
Increases totaling $37 million are included for operations
of the Homeland Security Operations Center and to support
FEMA incident management capabilities.
Building Departmental Infrastructure
The budget requests $121.1 million for costs associated
with the ongoing establishment of a DHS headquarters facility
($65.1 million) and a new resource management system ($56