19 February 2004
U.S. Treasury Department Acts Against Colombian Narco-Terrorists
Adds names of terrorist groups to "Kingpin Act" list
The U.S. Department of Treasury has added the names of 40 Colombian
narco-terrorist figures to a list of persons designated under the
Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (Kingpin Act) -- a list
that subjects them under that Act to economic sanctions imposed
against foreign drug cartels.
The Treasury Department said in a February 19 statement that this
action prohibits U.S. individuals and companies from doing business
with the 40 designated persons.
Treasury said the action is part of its plan to "further
identify, expose, isolate, and incapacitate these Colombian narco-terrorists
and their support networks."
Following is the text of the Treasury Department statement:
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
February 19, 2004
TREASURY TAKES ACTION AGAINST FARC/AUC NARCO-TERRORIST LEADERS
IN CONTINUED EFFORT TO HALT NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING
In another important effort in the battle against narcotics trafficking,
the Treasury Department took action today against leaders and key
figures of the Colombian narco-terrorist organizations, the Revolutionary
Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia,
or FARC), and the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (Autodefensas
Unidas de Colombia, or AUC).
The Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) has added
the names of FARC leaders, including Pedro Antonio Marin and Jorge
Briceno Suarez, key AUC figures, including Carlos Castano Gil and
Salvatore Mancuso Gomez and AUC front companies to the list of "Tier
II" persons designated under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin
Designation Act (Kingpin Act). The 40 Colombian names added to
the Kingpin Act list include 19 FARC individuals, 18 individuals
associated with the AUC and three front companies connected to
the AUC. These 40 persons are subject to the economic sanctions
imposed against foreign drug cartels under the Kingpin Act.
The OFAC action prohibits U.S. individuals and companies from
doing business with the 40 designated persons and blocks their
assets found in U.S. jurisdiction. Today's designations comprise
the first actions by Treasury against the operatives and fronts
of the FARC and the AUC; and they are part of Treasury's plan to
further identify, expose, isolate and incapacitate these Colombian
narco-terrorists and their support networks.
These Kingpin Act designations reinforce the reality that the
FARC and the AUC are not simply terrorist/guerrilla organizations
fighting within Colombia to achieve political agendas. They are
part and parcel of the narcotics production and export threat to
the United States, as well as Europe and other countries of Latin
The FARC and the AUC organizations were designated by President
Bush as Significant Foreign Narcotics Traffickers on May 29, 2003.
As the White House announced at that time, "This action underscores
the President's determination to pursue narco-terrorists. This
action also underscores the President's determination to do everything
possible to fight drug traffickers, undermine their operations
and end the suffering that trade in illicit drugs inflicts on Americans
and other people around the world."
Under President Bush's Executive Order 13224, both the FARC and
the AUC were named as Specially Designated Global Terrorists in
October 2001. Previously, the FARC, in October 1997, and the AUC,
in September 2001, had been identified as Foreign Terrorist Organizations
under the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act.
The list of Tier II individuals includes the supreme leader of
the FARC, Pedro Antonio Marin, the leaders of the FARC Secretariat,
its governing body, certain key FARC commanders, an international
representative of the FARC, and key FARC members engaged in narcotics
trafficking or the murder of U.S. citizens. The list of Tier II
individuals also includes a number of AUC key figures, AUC financial
managers and key AUC members connected with narcotics trafficking.
Three businesses that are run on behalf of the AUC are also being
This action is part of the ongoing interagency effort to carry
out the mandate of the Kingpin Act, which applies economic sanctions
against foreign narcotics trafficking kingpins worldwide. It reflects
the increasing cooperation, coordination and integration among
these agencies in the battle against international narcotics trafficking
A total of 104 organizations, individuals and businesses in 12
foreign countries are now designated under the Kingpin Act. In
addition to the prohibitions on transactions and blocking of assets
subject to U.S. jurisdiction, penalties under the Kingpin Act range
from civil penalties of up to $1,075,000 per violation to more
severe criminal penalties. Criminal penalties for corporate officers
are up to 30 years in prison and fines up to $5,000,000. Criminal
fines for corporations are up to $10,000,000. Other individuals
face up to ten years in prison for criminal violations of the Kingpin
This and other Tier II actions under the Kingpin Act are coordinated
by the Department of Treasury with the Department of State, the
Department of Justice, the Department of Defense, the Department
of Homeland Security, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Drug
Enforcement Administration and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
The list of individuals named by OFAC as Tier II designations
today is attached and available at http://www/treas.gov/ofac, as
is the entire list of Kingpin Act designations. Today's list will
be published in the Federal Register at a later date.
FARC -- Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act -- Tier II (http://www.treas.gov/press/releases/reports/farcchart1.pdf)
AUC -- Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act -- Tier II (http://www.treas.gov/press/releases/reports/aucchart1.pdf)