23 February 2004
Ridge Says Homeland Security To Enhance Security, Immigration
Improved communications with states vital to better
security, he says
The next stage in advancing U.S. homeland security will entail
greater collaboration with the private sector to strengthen communication
systems among the federal, state and local governments - and significantly
increase permanent protection for the nation's most vital assets,
says Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge.
"The goal is to maximize real-time sharing of situational information
-- without delay, and with full throttle distribution of intelligence
to those in the field who need to act on it," Ridge said February
23 during ceremonies to mark the Department of Homeland Security's
first anniversary as a federal, cabinet-level agency. The creation
of the department a year ago by Congress pulled into one agency
22 different federal agencies and departments with varying missions,
and nearly 180,000 federal employees, all with the aim of enhancing
homeland security from future terrorist attacks and better managing
natural emergencies in the United States.
Ridge said the department will accomplish these goals by securing
nationwide connectivity between all 50 states and U.S. territories. "This
will mean multi-directional information sharing -- the first phase
of which, cyber-connectivity, will be completed within the next
three months," Ridge said. This is designed to enhance security
by creating a total communications system between state and local
governments and agencies and the Department of Homeland Security,
"Let me add that we will also complete the installation of secure
videoconferencing capabilities to all governors' offices by July
2004, which will allow greater and much-needed dissemination of
classified information to homeland security professionals around
the country," Ridge said.
Ridge also said that the department will begin escalating and
enhancing border and port security protective measures with the
aim of making trade and travel work more smoothly. This will be
done by an expansion of the US-VISIT [United States Visitor and
Immigrant Status Indicator Technology] program that manages data
on visitors arriving in the United States and by adding more facilities
for quicker processing of cargo being sent to U.S. ports, he said.
Ridge said the department will also focus on improving and protecting
immigration practices. "It is part of our mission, to secure our
country, but also to ensure that we remain a welcoming nation for
people who want a better way of life and who want to make a contribution
here," he said.
He said several pilot programs will be launched to reduce the
backlog of pending cases and streamline the citizenship process.
Following is the text of Ridge's remarks, as prepared for delivery:
Remarks of Secretary Tom Ridge on the One Year Anniversary of
the Department of Homeland Security
REMARKS FOR SECRETARY TOM RIDGE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY'S
ONE-YEAR ANNIVERSARY GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY HOMELAND SECURITY
February 23, 2004
Thank you, ladies and gentlemen.
I also want to thank Frank Cilluffo and the George Washington
Homeland Security Policy Institute for hosting this special event.
What a wonderful place to commemorate this moment, at an institution
named for George W. It's always good to plug the Boss. In this
case, another great "George W" -- one of our nation's most revered
presidents -- and of course, one of our great Founding Fathers.
An ideal must have a champion. And in the Founding Fathers, freedom
had many. America, as we know, was originally designed by a monarchy.
But the founders rallied a people around a common destiny -- liberty,
opportunity, and self-rule. Together, they met the challenge of
challenging times -- broke free from a king and an empire -- and
set the course of a new nation. And when the victory had been won,
George Washington declared, liberty was "finally staked on the
experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people."
Washington understood: freedom's greatest companion is fellowship
-- unity, the integration of a nation, everyone pledged to freedom's
cause, everyone its protector. It wasn't enough to create the building
blocks of a free society. Freedom had to be an unyielding principle
bound to every human heart and mind -- so strong that it would
endure so that we as a nation would endure, so deeply felt that,
through its grace and guidance, future generations of Americans
would feel it, too, and could meet the challenge of challenging
times. And we have.
Despite revolutions, a Civil War, two World Wars, the assassinations
of Presidents, despite terrible, soul-wrenching catastrophes --
the blessings of freedom and our way of life have endured. And
yet, as a nation, we know that we will always be tested. Just as
we are now, in this, perhaps the greatest test of our times.
On September 11, 2001, moments after the Twin Towers fell, and
the Pentagon burned, and the passengers of Flight 93 made their
heroic goodbyes -- we knew. The task ahead would be daunting; the
terrorists were determined. But our determination was greater.
Our resolve was stronger. Our response, swift. And our message,
clear: Do not take from us our loved ones, and expect us to linger
in grief. Expect us to come after you and do all we can to keep
you from harming our country and our citizens again. Freedom has
its home here, and our fellowship is strong. I have known our President
for a long time. He is a remarkable man, a President who keeps
near the badge of a fallen police officer who died at the World
Trade Center; a President who, after 9-11, quickly understood that
the tools and tactics and theories of old wars would not apply
to this new one. He knew that we needed a new way to win a new
war against a new kind of enemy, and that we needed it fast. And
so, he exercised bold leadership, the right leadership, when he,
along with Congress, moved at lightning speed by Washington standards
to make Homeland Security a new Cabinet Department.
Homeland Security: A Year of Accomplishments
In the space of one year, the men and women of this new Department
have achieved a great deal to secure this country. There was much
to be done: So immediately, we reorganized our border functions
in a way that established better morale, improved service, shorter
delays and tighter security. We also unified our border inspection
process to accelerate the free flow of goods and people and to
keep terrorists and criminals out. For decades, the idea behind
US-VISIT languished. In eight short months, we turned idea into
action, coupled it with the "smart technology" of biometrics, and
created a system that, in adding 15 seconds to a traveler's journey,
also adds greater convenience and peace of mind. As many of you
know, we took immediate and extensive measures to enhance aviation
security. In less than a year, we deployed newly trained screeners,
thousands of federal air marshals and state-of-the-art technologies,
which, from the curb to the cockpit, have made airline travel safer.
We also looked at SEVIS [Student and Exchange Visitor Information
System] -- retooled it, and by last fall semester, had a new system
in place that now ensures that foreign students seeking academic
opportunity are not delayed upon entry -- and that those posing
as students, seeking entry to fraudulent schools, are stopped in
their tracks. Last fall almost 300,000 students were successfully
cleared for study at our institutions of higher education. Those
200, who attempted entry, but were not registered at any school,
were sent home.
In less than 12 months, we significantly expanded the nation's
container security initiative, known as CSI. The result: as I speak
today, there is an inspector in Rotterdam, in Singapore, in Hong
Kong, and 14 other ports of trade, working alongside our allies
to inspect and secure the nearly 20,000 containers of cargo that
arrive at our shores every day.
Additionally, amid the disasters wrought by Hurricane Isabel,
California wildfires, the August blackout, and the worst tornado
season in years, the hard work of early preparation meant greater
coordination with state and local authorities, faster deployment
of resources and manpower -- so that assistance was available and
ready to turnaround at a moment's notice.
In our first year, we also moved quickly to stand up a new program,
Operation Predator, which through the use of integrated technology,
has resulted in the arrest of more than 2,000 child sex offenders
since its launch just a little more than seven months ago. Also,
we swore in record numbers of new citizens, legitimate immigrants
who now share a common experience -- freedom -- and an opportunity
to obtain the American dream.
That's part of the story. By adding secure communication technologies
and expanded security clearances with our state and local partners,
and coupling that with the shared language of the Homeland Security
Advisory system, we created a powerful and constant two-way flow
of information. Since March 1 of last year, we also have allocated
or awarded a record $8 billion to states, regions and cities to
help train and equip our nation's dedicated first responders. We
launched the Ready Campaign and expanded Citizen Corps to 900 communities.
This one-two punch for engaging individual Americans is the most
widespread citizen preparedness effort every undertaken.
We also established our first Center of Excellence and our first
class of Homeland Security Scholars and Fellows -- to foster new
thinking, new capabilities and new career paths, so essential to
the fight against terrorism, as this fight moves into the future.
Among many more achievements, we made great progress in this new
merger of 180,000 people and 22 agencies, what has amounted to
a full-scale government divestiture, merger, acquisition and startup,
all at once, and, undoubtedly, the biggest "change management" challenge
of all time.
Yes, it has been quite an undertaking. But it has been driven
by a sense of urgency and national importance unprecedented in
modern times and resulted in a country more secure and better prepared
than it has ever been before. Perhaps one of the greatest challenges
of our first year was that we had to stand up a department operationally
-- meaning consolidate systems, integrate servers, get a stapler
on every desk.
But, also and foremost, we at all times had to be squarely focused
on strengthening and extending the depth and breadth of our nation's
protective measures to think and act in a bold, broad, brand new
Initially, necessity compelled us to take a first-things-first
approach -- to carry out the guidelines set out by the President
in the National Strategy. But, I'm pleased to report, that within
this year, we also completed the Department's first high-level
Strategic Plan -- which includes a vision, mission, and strategic
goals and objectives that provide the framework for the tactics
used to carry out daily operations.
And so, today, 180,000 people are compelled by a new vision. That
-- one of preserving our freedoms and protecting America -- will
shape the accomplishments we celebrate next year at this time,
and many years into this future. The preservation of our freedoms
comes first in our vision statement because that is, after all,
the very essence of who we are -- of what the Founding Fathers
fought for -- of what protecting America is all about. After all,
you do not defend liberty to forsake it. And so, in everything
we do to enhance security, we do so that our individual liberties,
protections, privacy and collective freedoms will endure.
Equally important, this Department has a clear mission statement
-- specifically, that we will lead the unified national effort
to secure America. We will prevent and deter terrorist attacks
and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation.
We will ensure safe and secure borders, but also keep open doors
so emblematic of, and essential to, this welcoming and economically
Let me state clearly. Homeland Security is a national strategy.
The attacks of 9-11 required a whole new philosophy of how we secure
the country, a philosophy of shared responsibility, shared leadership,
shared accountability -- and that engenders a shared imperative,
in essence, a new commitment to federalism.
Washington can be expected to lead, but we cannot, nor should
not, micro-manage the protection of a nation. Instead, it must
be a priority in every city, every neighborhood, and every home
across America. And so, perhaps more than anything, homeland security
in the 21st century is about the integration of a nation, and nations
-- led by national leaders, but also governors, mayors, county
executives, tribal leaders, airline personnel, border patrol agents,
the intelligence community, law enforcement, firefighters, diplomatic
officers, business leaders, international partners -- citizens
and freedom-loving people everywhere.
The Way Ahead
The next year for the Department will be an important one. We
will challenge our employees and our partners to take their commitment
and already extraordinary efforts to the next level -- so that
we can further expand and push a vast agenda for a truly strategic
homeland security effort -- so that we can lay the foundation of
homeland security for future years.
We know there is much more to do. But in anything you do, you
have to set priorities. You have to allocate resources to meet
pressing needs and drive the fundamentals. And so, today, I am
laying down the markers for 2004 and the time frames in which we
will achieve them. And with each priority, I add a call to action
to our employees, and our partners, and citizens, to work with
us to achieve these goals. As it was in Washington's time, so it
is in ours. When it comes to the preservation of freedom and the
protection of our country -- we are equal to its responsibilities;
we are all equal to the task.
And a year from now, I invite you to come back, grade us -- see
if performance met the goals -- and know that, over the course
of the next calendar year, we will be giving these goals everything
Stronger Information Sharing and Infrastructure Protection
Before this Department, our country's most historic treasures
and important structures were surrounded only by awe-struck tourists
and, in some cases, a good fence. Yet, in our first year, Homeland
Security created a brand new capability that has become core to
securing our country. We have established a unique, integrated
threat and vulnerability assessment process to map threat information
against the nation's critical infrastructure. That's important
-- because we are all concerned about the safety of our food and
water supply, the power plants that run energy to our homes and
our children's schools.
We want to know that it's okay to pass over or through the bridges,
tunnels, roads and subways that we take to work. We need to know
that our oil refineries, chemical and nuclear facilities have a
-- visible and undercover -- and that each retains the watchful
eye of everyone from local law enforcement to the National Guard
to the private sector businesses that own 85 percent of these entities.
In 2004, we will dig deeper into our efforts -- specifically,
work in greater tandem with the private sector to strengthen vertical
communication systems and significantly increase permanent protections
around our nation's most vital assets. The goal is to maximize
real-time sharing of situational information -- without delay,
and with full throttle distribution of intelligence to those in
the field who need to act on it.
We'll carry out this shared effort by instituting several new
We will secure real-time nationwide connectivity between all 50
states and territories. This will mean multi-directional information
sharing -- the first phase of which, cyber-connectivity, will be
completed within the next three months. Most notably, this is a
system driven from the bottom up and brought to us as a communication
tool because our state and local partners developed it and wanted
it. I want to thank them and the Defense Intelligence Agency for
their hard work and team effort. We'll also build on existing programs
to share many different types of information and dramatically augment
the Department's technical backbone to strengthen this connectivity.
Let me add that we will also complete the installation of secure
videoconferencing capabilities to all governors' offices by July
2004, which will allow greater and much-needed dissemination of
classified information to homeland security professionals around
the country. We know, as do our partners, that vast, rich information
sharing tools are critical to our ability to keeping our nation's
critical infrastructure far from a terrorist's reach. And so, I'm
announcing today that, by December of this year, together with
our partners, we will create a unified, national critical infrastructure
database that will enable us to identify our greatest points of
vulnerability, existing levels of security and then add increased
measures of protection where needed.
As part of this effort, we will be working with private sector
partners to develop standards by which to measure vulnerabilities
and the actions needed to correct them. These standards will be
implemented at all levels, in keeping with our national strategy.
In effect, together with our partners, we will establish benchmarks
that will incent and engage our partners in a sophisticated, dynamic
process, consistent with an ever-changing threat environment.
Our private sector partners should know -- the citizens of this
country rely on you for your resources -- but they depend on you,
too, for their protection. And so does this Administration. We
cannot achieve all we need to achieve as a nation alone. We are
partners. We want to work with you, but we can't do it all for
you. And as such, we need you, and expect you, to take the initiative,
as so many of you have rightly done, to strengthen the security
of your facilities with your dollars and with your determination.
It is what we must ask of everyone -- to make the fullest protection
of this nation, the highest charge of this nation.
Standards for Interoperable Communications and Equipment
Many of us know that part of the tragedy of September 11th was
that equipment didn't work across jurisdictions and disciplines.
Fire department radios couldn't transmit to police department
radios. Firefighters rushing in from other cities and even neighborhoods
were, in some cases, unable to assist because the couplings that
attach "hoses to hydrants" simply wouldn't fit; they weren't compatible.
Our first responders are first on the scene and often the last
to leave; their ability to communicate and work with each other
in the event of a crisis is paramount and their inability to do
so is a long-standing, complex and critical issue facing this nation.
We all must work together to give them the tools to do their jobs
-- in a way that replaces outdated, outmoded relics with an interoperable,
innovative and integrated system. There are immediate steps the
department can take while we focus on long-term, integrated solutions.
Already, for example, the Department has identified technical specifications
for a baseline interoperable communication system.
If adopted at the state and local level, by the end of 2004, most
first responders will have a way to communicate with each other
during a crisis, regardless of frequency or mode of communication.
Over the course of the year, we will also issue new standards for
major pieces of compatible equipment -- such as basic protective
gear and clothing. We'll also create a coordinated grant integration
web portal that, along with grant information, will provide collaborative
tools and other relevant information to propel interoperability
at all levels.
But let me emphasize: we want to ensure that when federal money
is spent, it fosters interoperability. So, while these immediate
steps will begin to build a foundation for longer-term efforts
-- longer-term efforts will require a national solution.
And a national solution will require actionable results at the
state and local level -- in other words, a resolve not to let an
incompatible radio frequency or a too-small/too-large piece of
safety equipment impede the ability of brave men and women to save
the lives of citizens as well as their own. A truly nationwide
interoperable system demands leadership at all levels. And so,
I'm grateful and quite pleased that many of our state and local
partners have already demonstrated this leadership, and made this
vital issue a key priority in their states and cities.
Integrated Border and Port Security Systems
Today, as we have every day since March 1 of last year, we patrol
95,000 miles of shoreline and navigable waters and 7,500 miles
of land border with Canada and Mexico.
Every year, more than 500 million people, 130 million motor vehicles,
2 1/2 million railcars, and more than 11 million containers are
processed at the border. U.S. overseas trade passes through our
country's 317 ports. The challenge of developing a fully integrated
border and port security system, in the context of a global economy,
amid a global war, is great.
And yet, the consequences of not achieving this goal are even
greater. Last year, we established a firm base of border and port
security protective measures. In the next 12 months, we'll be escalating
and enhancing those security measures even further, while continuing
to facilitate legitimate trade and travel.
We'll do this in a number of ways -- by installing US-VISIT at
our 50 busiest land ports of entry and 7 more FAST lanes, bringing
the total to 18 locations, deploying aerial surveillance and sensor
technology, expanding CSI to 10 additional high-volume ports, and
working with the private sector to facilitate compliance and assessment
of new maritime security regulations. It's a layered, risk-based
and certainly "all-hands" approach. As the president has said, "Our
enemies are not idle, and neither are we." And so I ask all of
our partners -- our international counterparts, state and local
authorities and private businesses -- to engage in this important
Create More Prepared Communities
Citizens are just as integral to fighting the war against terrorism.
For terrorism is insidious. Terrorists seek to infiltrate our society,
scope out targets, and wage war in our streets and cities. Of all
the titles conveyed on so many of our Founding Fathers -- Soldier,
Hero, President, Statesman -- the title they cherished above all
else was that of Citizen. For, in the fight for independence, that
was the title to which these great men risked their very lives
to achieve. And so, to mount a national march toward an integrated
and seamless degree of protection, it's vital that we continue
to reach out to our citizens and empower them to play a direct
role in securing their families and communities.
For our part, over the next year, Homeland Security will focus
its efforts on raising the baseline level of preparedness across
the nation. We know, of course, that terrorists can strike anywhere,
so all communities need some level of assistance to increase their
preparedness. And yet, as we all understand, certain regions are
more target-rich, so they need extra support.
This approach was already part of the distribution of our first-year
funding. But in the next year, we'll strengthen this good strategy
further using an even more focused application of federal resources
-- meaning that we will use more than just population to distribute
grants. We will, instead, apply an approach that considers important
criteria such as population density, nearby critical infrastructure
and a more-focused assessment of threat. Within weeks, we will
develop and deliver standardized incident management protocols
and procedures within communities -- ones that will allow first
responders, in communities large and small, to receive the same
training under our nation's National
We want to examine as many ways as possible to broaden communication
and coordinate actions, so that when people show up at an incident,
they're not meeting for the first time; they're not confused about
the chain of command; and they're not lacking for help in their
communities as they scramble to aid and assist our citizens in
the midst of a crisis.
The Department of Homeland Security is an all-hazards agency.
And, as such, we will continue to educate the public about the
importance of being prepared for all emergencies, whether wrought
by disaster or design. Our goal over the next year will be to accelerate
the basic level of citizen preparedness across the nation. Current
research suggests that between 20 to 30 percent of Americans have
an emergency supply kit and that 15 percent have a communications
Our desire is that nearly half of all Americans, in some form
or combination, will be better prepared by the end of 2004 -- whether
that's by preparing family Ready kits and emergency plans; volunteering
to aid in disaster planning; or engaging in CPR and training exercises
to help someone in a life-threatening situation.
To help push this forward-leaning agenda, by the end of 2004,
we will add to the strength of our existing Ready campaign by launching
two new citizen preparedness endeavors -- Ready for Business and
Ready for Schools. We will also continue to work with third party
organizations, such as The American Red Cross and America Prepared
-- and, of course, Citizen Corps. Citizen Corps' mission is to
encourage everyone to participate in making America safer; their
councils, which have nearly tripled in number since 9-11, and have
helped us deliver the Ready message at the grassroots level --
the level where it's needed most.
New Technologies and Tools
Every day we must operate with the knowledge that our enemies
are changing based on how we change. As we shore up one vulnerability,
they work to uncover another. This is why science and technology
is key to winning this new kind of war. The work we do at Homeland
Security, in partnership with the private sector, national laboratories,
universities and research centers, help us push the scientific
envelope. It helps drive the development and use of high technology
to combat the weapons of high consequence. New tools of analysis,
information sharing and detection help us counter terrorist attacks
-- before they can happen -- and if they happen, minimize their
And so, over the year, Homeland Security will be "buttoning up
our lab coats" a little higher -- and committing to specific goals:
developing new capabilities for detecting the presence of nuclear
materials in shipping containers and vehicles. And developing next
generation of biological and chemical detectors, ones uniquely
sensitive enough to redirect air flow to allow evacuation of buildings,
if a dangerous pathogen is detected.
Both capabilities are critical to a war where speed of knowledge
and action is vital to the protection of the public. And yet, we
know that Homeland Security can't drive these advances. Only science
can. But together with our partners, I assure you, we will take
up the charge to secure our country, using the latest technologies
available to keep America safe and free.
Improved Customer Service at Immigration Services
Another key priority of this department will be to improve and
protect immigration practices. Again, it is part of our mission,
to secure our country, but also to ensure that we remain a welcoming
nation for people who want a better way of life and who want to
make a contribution here. America, after all, is a nation of immigrants,
with good-hearted, productive, law-abiding citizens originating
everywhere from Beijing to Belgrade, from Nairobi to New Delhi.
I'm proud to say that, more than 227 years ago, from my home state
of Pennsylvania, came the assurance that America would always be
a diverse nation, where all people, from all parts of the world,
could come to a land where freedom transcends all else. It is the
President's intention, and that of my own, that this founding principle
must and always will endure.
Citizenship has long been among the most important privileges
this nation can bestow. And, as the Department that oversees the
important function, we are committed to making the immigration
and naturalization process a welcoming and timely one.
And so, over the next year, we will focus our efforts on several
pilot programs aimed at reducing the backlog of pending cases and
streamlining the citizenship process. You have my pledge that progress
will be made to accelerate the careful screening and processing
of visa and green card applications, reduce the current backlog
of applications, educate prospective citizens about e-filing initiatives
implemented last year and, overall, institute a policy of improved
customer service. And we will do this, as we do in anything we
undertake as a Department -- always with an eye toward protecting
the privacy and civil liberties of everyone involved.
Build A 21st Century Department
Since September 11th, our world has changed. America has changed.
But much of what is important remains the same. America is still
a welcoming nation that opens her borders to citizens from all
over the world. Our promise still rests on a respect for the vast
diversity of people and culture that enrich our lives -- and America's
way of life. Freedom is still the enduring principle that calls
us together -- just as our Founding Fathers would want it to be.
As a Department, we have made measurable, visible progress during
our first year of work. But today we go forward -- to ensure the
momentum we have established, to sustain and expand our first year
successes and to develop new means to defend and protect our great
country. We are building a department that strikes out to create
the model agency for the 21st century. And in a 21st century threat
environment, nothing less will do.
I am quite proud of the men and women of this Department. They
are indeed doing freedom's hard work. What motivates them is what
motives us all, 29 months after a difficult September morning.
The images of 9-11 resonate deep within -- citizens running up
burning flights of stairs, citizens risking their lives to aid
those who were trapped, citizens rushing the cockpit of Flight
93, knowing they would never pass our way again.
There is the old maxim: strength in numbers. And perhaps, if there
is anything we gained from 9-11, it was the collective understanding
of the most basic of principles: That freedom's greatest companion
is fellowship, unity -- the integration of a nation, everyone pledged
to freedom's cause, everyone its protector.
We are a people, both determined and self-determining. We know,
now more than ever: our responsibilities to one another must reach
from a national crisis to an individual need. They must extend
from community to community, neighbor to neighbor, citizen to citizen,
in a nation that is, in itself, the greatest community ever formed.
I'm quite grateful for the resolve and responsibility shown by
all of our partners. And I ask that we continue to work together
-- fully, as a nation -- as we face the great challenge of challenging
times. I know that we will, just as surely as our Founding Fathers
knew that we would. Because, let no one question, an ideal must
have a champion. And in these United States, freedom has many.
Freedom has its home here and our fellowship is strong.