26 June 2004
United States, European Union Resolute in Opposing Terrorism
Counterterrorism strategies announced at U.S.-EU
The United States and the European Union renewed their commitment
to cooperate in fighting terrorism while protecting fundamental
human rights and freedoms in a declaration issued at the U.S.-EU
Summit in Shannon, Ireland, June 26.
Both parties pledged to deepen the international consensus and
advance international counterterrorism efforts by supporting the
United Nations and ensuring adherence to the U.N. conventions on
They also reaffirmed their commitment to deprive terrorists of
access to economic resources by supporting the work of the Financial
Action Task Force (FATF), ensuring the effectiveness of asset-freezing
and transaction-blocking laws, and strengthening protections against
the abuse of formal and informal financial institutions. The declaration
also outlined other steps to ensure that legal and regulatory safeguards
to block terrorist financing are effectively implemented and enforced.
The declaration listed a number areas in which the United States
and the EU will cooperate in bringing terrorists to justice and
working to prevent terrorist attacks, including law enforcement,
cyber-security, intelligence-gathering, and information exchange.
International transport security and border control are other
key areas on which the United States and EU plan to focus in coming
months. The declaration emphasized the need for complementary approaches
on both sides of the Atlantic to ensure that air, land, and maritime
facilities are secure from terrorist attacks, and underscored the
importance of incorporating biometric identifiers into passports.
They also pledged cooperation in dealing with the consequences
of terrorist attacks, diminishing the underlying conditions that
allow terrorists to flourish, and reaching out to "Third World
countries where counter-terrorist capacity or commitment to combating
terrorism needs to be enhanced."
Along with the text of the declaration, the White House released
a fact sheet that outlined the points on which the United States
and the EU had achieved consensus, the steps needed to expand transatlantic
counterterrorism cooperation, and the initiatives by which "President
Bush has demonstrated his commitment to improving the United States'
ability to detect and deter would-be terrorists."
Following are the texts of the declaration and the fact sheet:
THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
June 26, 2004
TEXT OF U.S.-EU DECLARATION ON COMBATING TERRORISM
26 June 2004
Since the attacks of 11 September 2001, the United States and
the European Union have been working together closely to combat
the threat of terrorism. In the aftermath of the attacks on Madrid
on 11 March 2004, the European Council adopted a Declaration on
Combating Terrorism, reinforcing its determination to prevent and
fight terrorism. Today we have renewed our commitment to further
developing our cooperation against terrorism within the framework
of the New Transatlantic Agenda, while recognising the contributions
of the G-8 Secure and Facilitated International Travel Initiative.
We remain determined to work together to combat terrorism while
sharing a commitment to protect and respect human rights, fundamental
freedoms, and the rule of law on which our societies are founded
and which terrorism seeks to destroy.
On that basis, the U.S., the EU, and, as appropriate, its Member
States, will take forward work on counterterrorism, in keeping
with the following objectives, through dialogue and action at all
1. We will work together to deepen the international consensus
and enhance international efforts to combat terrorism.
1.1 We will support the key role of the United Nations, its General
Assembly, and the work of the Security Council. We will work closely
with the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC). We will also contribute
to the Global Programme of the United Nations on Drugs and Crime.
1.2 We will work to ensure universal adherence to, and full implementation
of, the United Nations Conventions on terrorism. Likewise, we will
press for full implementation by all U.N. Member States of all
relevant U.N. Resolutions, including 1373 and 1267 and all subsequent
2. We reaffirm our total commitment to prevent access by terrorists
to financial and other economic resources.
2.1 We will actively support the work of the Financial Action
Task Force (FATF) on all issues regarding the financing of terrorism.
In particular, we will work to ensure that EU and national legal
frameworks are fully adapted to the FATF's eight special recommendations
and Interpretive Notes on terrorist financing.
2.2 We will ensure the effectiveness of our asset freezing and
transaction blocking laws and regulations, by implementing concrete
steps to ensure full and effective implementation of all relevant
provisions of UNSCR Resolution 1373.
2.3 We will ensure that internal processes are in place for reviewing
proposals for designation, based on thorough and timely consideration
of serious and credible evidence, providing a reasonable basis
to indicate that such entities or individuals are supporting or
financing terrorist activity or a previously designated entity
2.4 We will strengthen measures to protect against the abuse of
formal and informal financial institutions, including through the
regulation of alternative remittance systems, wire transfers, and
cash couriers, as well as of trans-border cash movements. We will
review the regulation of the non-profit sector to ensure that it
cannot be misused by terrorist organisations or those who seek
to finance such organisations. We will keep these questions under
2.5 We will take the necessary steps, in accordance with appropriate
procedures and criteria, to ensure that terrorist groups cannot
evade the consequences of designation by renaming themselves or
hiding behind front organisations.
2.6 We will work to ensure effective implementation of our respective
criminal legislation and relevant provisions outlawing the support
to designated names.
2.7 We will provide public access to consolidated lists in our
respective jurisdictions of all persons and entities subject to
asset freezing mechanisms of the EU and the U.S. We will also promote
awareness within the financial sector, the non-profit sector and
the general public of the threat posed by terrorist financing and
of responsibilities under relevant anti-terrorist financing legislation
2.8 We will seek ways to identify adequate national coordination
mechanisms to respond to queries on asset freezing regimes.
2.9 We will work to promote safe harbour provisions at a national
level to protect government or private sector employees from personal
liability for reporting, in good faith, suspicious transactions
linked to terrorist financing.
2.10 Once we have designated an organisation, we will ensure that
appropriate enforcement agencies or bodies analyse transactions
of all accounts of the organisation. We will explore mechanisms
for sharing the results of our analysis.
2.11 We will have a regular dialogue on Terrorist Financing.
3. We commit to working together to develop measures to maximise
our capacities to detect, investigate, and prosecute terrorists
and prevent terrorist attacks.
3.1 We will promote cooperation between our law enforcement agencies
and institutions, taking account of our respective legislation,
for the purpose of the prevention, detection, investigation, and
prosecution of terrorist offences. In particular:
3.2 We will work together to develop strategies to prevent cyber
attacks that threaten our critical information infrastructures
and to combat use of the Internet as a means for communications
among terrorists and other criminals.
3.3 We will work together to enhance, in accordance with national
legislation, our abilities to share information among intelligence
and law enforcement agencies to prevent and disrupt terrorist activities,
and to better use sensitive information as allowed by national
legislation in aid of prosecutions of terrorists in a manner which
protects the information, while ensuring a fair trial.
3.4 We will collaborate on enhancing legal frameworks to prevent
terrorism, including by ensuring appropriate legislation is in
place to investigate and prosecute offences linked to terrorist
activities and facilitate legal cooperation in relation to such
3.5 We will ensure that conduct consisting of knowingly supplying
or attempting to supply material or logistic support to terrorists
or terrorist groups is made a criminal offence.
3.6 We will work together to promote the use of appropriate investigative
techniques, such as electronic surveillance, in combating terrorism
and will collaborate in the development of mechanisms to protect
witnesses and assist law enforcement.
3.7 We will regularly review developments regarding proposals
directed at improving the exchange of personal information for
the purpose of combating terrorism.
3.8 We will seek to strengthen the exchange of information and
the capacity for cooperation between the U.S. and Europol in accordance
with the U.S.-Europol agreements.
3.9 We will explore ways to strengthen cooperation between U.S.
prosecutors and Eurojust in accordance with the Council Decision
3.10 We will rapidly complete remaining steps necessary to bring
the EU-U.S. Agreements on Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance
into force, so that we can fully use the mechanisms they contain
for enhanced cooperation to combat terrorism, including enhanced
joint investigative undertakings and enhanced tools to identify
bank accounts of terrorists.
3.11 We will explore ways to build better mutual awareness of
our respective criminal justice systems, such as the organising
of seminars, participation in each other's law enforcement training
programmes, and further exchanges of law enforcement personnel
that can aid us in our efforts.
3.12 We will seek means to improve cooperation on the sharing
of law enforcement and other sensitive information between government
agencies consistent with national legislation and the need to protect
sources and fair procedures.
4. We will seek to further protect the security of international
transport and ensure effective systems of border control.
4.1 We will use the recently established EU-U.S. Policy Dialogue
on Border and Transport Security to enhance mutual understanding
and complementarity of EU-U.S. security policies and improve security
in land, air, and maritime environments.
4.2 We will work together to further enhance relationships established
through programmes like the Container Security Initiative. The
recent EC-U.S. agreement expanding customs cooperation will improve
security standards while continuing to facilitate trade. We will
enhance information exchange to increase our ability to target
and interdict terrorist threats in the maritime transportation
4.3 We reaffirm our commitment to work in close mutual cooperation
to increase maritime, port facility, and vessel security through
the International Ship & Port Facility Security Code developed
by the United Nations International Maritime Organization. We will
foster other initiatives from this organisation dedicated to further
improving maritime security. We further pledge to assist each other
in strengthening our respective maritime transportation systems
through self audits and assessments as well as through discussions
on harmonising maritime transport security requirements and sharing
of best practices.
4.4 We will seek complementary approaches to airport, aircraft,
and air cargo security, optimised screening and enhanced security
measures as appropriate. We will formulate principles of aviation,
port, and vessel security and explore cooperation on rail security.
4.5 We will fully implement the EC-U.S. agreement on transfer
of passenger name record (PNR) data and will also cooperate on
the development of multilateral standards.
4.6 We will continue to promote document security through the
incorporation of interoperable biometric identifiers into travel
documentation and work on compatible technology for the future.
4.7 We will work together to enhance information exchange, including
through Interpol, in responding to the problem of lost and stolen
passports and other border control related issues.
5. We will work together to develop further our capabilities to
deal with the consequences of a terrorist attack.
5.1 Building on the considerable work which has been done in this
area within the EU, NATO, and other international organisations,
we will identify areas for closer cooperation in crisis management.
5.2 Benefiting from this work, we will open a dialogue between
the EU and the U.S. on responding to terrorist attacks, including
attacks using CBRN contaminants.
5.3 We will develop strategies to improve communication with the
public in the event of a major terrorist attack.
5.4 We will assist stricken nations in their efforts to mitigate
the effects of terrorist attacks.
6. We will work in close cooperation to diminish the underlying
conditions that terrorists can seize to recruit and exploit to
their advantage. By promoting democracy, development, good governance,
justice, increased trade, and freedom, we can help end dictatorship
and extremism that bring millions of people to misery and bring
danger to our own people.
6.1 We will cooperate in developing a long-term strategy to address
the above areas and in identifying ways to make more efficient
use of our relevant external assistance programmes, with special
regard to continued support for good governance and the rule of
6.2 We will work to support the development of global strategies
to promote increased tolerance in the world, including cross-cultural
7. We will target our external relations actions towards priority
Third Countries where counter-terrorist capacity or commitment
to combating terrorism needs to be enhanced.
7.1 We will mainstream counter-terrorist objectives into the work
of external assistance programmes and take account of the coordinating
work of the U.N. Counter Terrorism Committee.
7.2 We will have special regard to the objective of counter-terrorism
capacity building in third countries, in line with the current
work of the UN CTC, the FATF and the G8 Counter-Terrorist Action
7.3 Within our counter-terrorism efforts, we will work to develop
comprehensive Counter-terrorist Financing and Anti-Money Laundering
[begin fact sheet]
THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
June 26, 2004
U.S.-EU SUMMIT: COOPERATION TO COMBAT TERRORISTS AND OTHER SERIOUS
"We have faced serious challenges together, and now we face a
choice: We can go forward with confidence and resolve, or we can
turn back to the dangerous illusion that terrorists are not plotting
and outlaw regimes are no threat to us."
President George W. Bush
State of the Union Address
January 20, 2004
Today, President Bush and his EU counterparts welcomed the progress
on counterterrorism, including an agreement on further transatlantic
cooperation. The United States and the European Union recognize
the threat of terrorism to our freedom and basic liberties, and
are resolved to defeat it. Victory will be secured only as long
as the international community maintains vigilance and works
tirelessly together to prevent terrorists from inflicting horrors
like those of September 11, 2001, and March 11, 2004.
The United States and the European Union have agreed today to:
-- Work together to deepen the international consensus and enhance
international efforts to combat terrorism through support of the
United Nations, its General Assembly, and the Security Council;
-- Share data on lost and stolen passports to prevent terrorists
from traveling undetected with these documents;
-- Work together to prevent access by terrorists to financial
and other economic resources and have a regular dialogue on terrorist
-- Promote cooperation between our law enforcement agencies and
institutions for the purpose of the prevention, detection, and
investigation and prosecution of terrorist offenses;
-- Identify areas for closer cooperation in dealing with the consequences
of terrorist attacks; and
-- Focus assistance programs on the enhancement of counterterrorist
capacity and commitment in priority Third Countries.
These steps build on the expanding transatlantic counterterrorism
cooperation. Specifically, the United States and the European Union
-- Reached an agreement giving U.S. border enforcement authorities
access to airline passenger reservation data on transatlantic flights
that will allow U.S. authorities to screen for potential terrorists
in advance of boarding aircraft;
-- Begun cooperation to secure our ports, vessels, cargo, and
supply chains through programs such as the Container Security Initiative
and the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism to detect radioactive
-- Inaugurated a high-level dialogue to enhance mutual understanding
and complementarity of U.S.-EU security policies and improve security
in land, air, and maritime environments.
This extensive and growing collaboration with the EU is part of
President Bush's broader counterterrorism strategy. The United
States works closely with every nation committed to the fight against
terrorism. Together with our international partners, we have already
scored multiple victories:
-- Worldwide, nearly $140 million in terrorist-related accounts
has been frozen.
-- Over two-thirds of the al-Qaida leadership have been captured
-- Operational and logistical terrorist support cells have been
disrupted in Europe, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Southeast Asia.
-- 50 million people have been liberated from two of the most
brutal regimes in modern history, and al-Qaida has been denied
a safehaven in Afghanistan.
President Bush has demonstrated his commitment to improving the
United States' ability to detect and deter would-be terrorists
by showing leadership in securing our Homeland through a series
-- The USA Patriot Act brought down the artificial wall separating
law enforcement and intelligence officers, allowing them to talk
to each other as they work to prevent future attacks, and provided
for measured changes in the law that have enabled the Federal Government
to better track terrorists, disrupt their cells, seize their assets,
and share information with state and local law enforcement.
-- The most extensive reorganization of the Federal Government
in 50 years created the Department of Homeland Security last year
that combined multi-agency efforts to better protect our skies,
borders, ports, and critical infrastructure.
-- The Terrorist Threat Integration Center, established in May
2003, is making strides in integrating and analyzing terrorism
threat-related information collected domestically and abroad, ensuring
that intelligence and law enforcement entities are working in common
-- The Terrorist Screening Center was created to consolidate terrorist
watchlists and provide 24/7 operational support for thousands of
Federal screeners across the country and around the world.