08 June 2005
Federal Aviation Administration Lowers Ukraine's Safety Rating
Says Ukraine does not comply with international aviation standards
After a reassessment of Ukraine’s civil aviation authority, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announced its intention to lower Ukraine’s safety rating from Category 1 to Category 2.
A study conducted in October 2004 revealed that Ukraine no longer complies with international safety standards set forth by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), according to a June 7 FAA press release.
A Category 2 rating means a country lacks the laws or regulations necessary to oversee air carriers in accordance with minimum international standards, or that its civil aviation authority -- equivalent to the FAA -- is deficient in one or more areas.
“The assessments are not an indication of whether individual foreign carriers are safe or unsafe. Rather, they determine whether or not foreign civil aviation authorities (CAA) are meeting ICAO safety standards, not FAA regulations,” said the FAA press release.
While in the Category 2 status, Ukrainian air carriers will be subjected to increased FAA surveillance.
The agency said it will continue to review the situation and work with the local civil aviation authority to help Ukraine regain Category 1 status, which indicates full compliance with ICAO standards.
Following is the FAA press release:
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration
June 7, 2005
FAA LOWERS SAFETY RATING FOR UKRAINE
WASHINGTON, D.C.-- The U.S. Department of Transportation's Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) today announced that Ukraine does not comply with international safety standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), following a reassessment of its civil aviation authority conducted in October 2004.
As a result of the reassessment, Ukraine's safety rating was lowered from Category 1 to Category 2. A Category 2 rating means a country either lacks laws or regulations necessary to oversee air carriers in accordance with minimum international standards, or that its civil aviation authority -- equivalent to the FAA -- is deficient in one or more areas, such as technical expertise, trained personnel, record keeping or inspection procedures.
The FAA will remain engaged with the civil aviation authority in Ukraine and will periodically review the situation with the intention of encouraging improvements that will qualify Ukraine for a Category 1 rating.
This announcement is part of the FAA’s International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) program, under which the agency assesses the civil aviation authorities of all countries with air carriers that operate to the United States and makes that information available to the public.
The assessments are not an indication of whether individual foreign carriers are safe or unsafe. Rather, they determine whether or not foreign civil aviation authorities (CAA) are meeting ICAO safety standards, not FAA regulations.
Countries with air carriers that fly to the United States must adhere to the safety standards of ICAO, the United Nations' technical agency for aviation that establishes international standards and recommended practices for aircraft operations and maintenance.
The FAA, with the cooperation of the host civil aviation authority, assesses countries with airlines that have operating rights to or from the United States or have requested such rights.
Specifically, the FAA determines whether a foreign civil aviation authority has an adequate infrastructure for international aviation safety oversight as defined by ICAO standards. The basic elements that the FAA considers necessary include: 1) laws enabling the appropriate government office to adopt regulations necessary to meet the minimum requirements of ICAO; 2) current regulations that meet those requirements; 3) procedures to carry out the regulatory requirements; 4) air carrier certification, routine inspection, and surveillance programs, and 5) organizational and personnel resources to implement and enforce the above.
The FAA has established two categories for the status of these civil aviation authorities at the time of the assessment: (1) does comply with ICAO standards, (2) does not comply with ICAO standards.
Carriers from a country in Category 2 status may continue existing operations into the United States at current levels, but under heightened FAA surveillance. Expansion or changes are not permitted while in Category 2, but carriers from the country can operate new services using aircraft wet-leased from a duly authorized and properly supervised U.S. carrier or a foreign air carrier from a Category 1 country authorized to serve the United States using its own aircraft.
Carriers from Category 2 countries that do not serve the United States will not be permitted to start service with their own aircraft while the country remains in Category 2 status, but they may use wet-leased aircraft as previously discussed.