of Iraq. Since the beginning of time, there has been no
profession more honorable than that of a soldier. Soldiers
are decorated with awards and medals that show their achievements
and mark their skills. The uniform of a soldier is an article
that demands respect, and loyalty. Soldiers are the defenders
of their people, and the protectors of women and children.
A soldier is willing to sacrifice himself for his country
and their way of life. Soldiers sacrifice their own personal
freedoms to protect others.
has tarnished this legacy. Saddam spews forth political
rhetoric along with a false sense of national pride to deceive
these men to serve his own unlawful purposes. Saddam does
not wish the soldiers of Iraq to have the honor and dignity
that their profession warrants. Saddam seeks only to exploit
these brave men. Saddam uses the soldiers of Iraq not as
protectors of the peace, but rather as his own personal
let Saddam tarnish the reputation of soldiers any longer.
Saddam uses the military to persecute those who don’t
agree with his unjust agenda. Make the decision.
of Iraq. Throughout the history of the world, mankind has
shown a desire to progress and expand. Great leaders have
built vast civilizations and empires that spanned continents.
These leaders have sponsored education programs, paved vast
roads, and built housing for the less fortunate. The leaders
of the past have turned deserts into arable land, and created
innovations which made life easier for their people. The
great leaders of the past are known for their generosity
and charity towards their own people, as well as their neighboring
lands. In Afghanistan, once the Taliban was removed from
power, the standard of living drastically improved. Relief
aid is pouring into Afghanistan and is appropriately distributed.
Schools are open and people all across Afghanistan are better
there have been leaders who were not moved by charity and
good will. These leaders were motivated solely by greed
and power. Josef Stalin was one such leader. Stalin was
set on world domination, and it was his regime that began
nearly a half-century of brutal domination through Eastern
Europe. Stalin oppressed his people as he ruled over his
country with an iron fist. During his reign as a dictator,
Stalin killed and imprisoned millions of his own people.
Millions of others were forcefully displaced and ended up
living many miles away from their own homes. This dictator
cared nothing for his own people, he merely sought to exploit
them to perpetuate his regime and flawed ideology.
end, the world has paid a higher price for not stopping
men like Stalin when they had the chance. Many millions
of people have lost their lives needlessly under these oppressive
regimes and in wars started by these leaders. The loss of
life and the needless suffering could have been minimized
had action been taken sooner. History has shown that appeasement
of brutal domineering regimes only brings greater tragedy.
Saddam too has a lust for power, and the world will stand
up and put an end to the terror he imposes on others, before
he destroys Iraq and crushes the hopes of its proud people.
recent speech the President of the United States, George
W. Bush, stated why America is determined to remove the
regime of Saddam Hussein from power. He said: “…[Saddam
Hussein] must not be permitted to threaten…the world
with horrible poisons and diseases and gases and atomic
Bush continued: “ ...the [Iraqi] regime has produced
thousands of tons of chemical agents, including mustard
gas, sarin nerve gas, [and] VX nerve gas. The regime [has
admitted] that it had produced more than 30,000 liters of
anthrax and other deadly biological agents...Saddam Hussein…has
ordered several chemical attacks on Iran and on more than
forty villages in his own country. These actions killed
or injured at least 20,000 people.”
Saddam Hussein possesses missiles that can travel hundreds
of kilometers — far enough to threaten your Arab neighbors
and other nations. He is also increasing his numbers of
manned and unmanned aerial vehicles that he can use to disperse
chemical or biological weapons and kill thousands –
as he has already done.
there are many dangers in the world, the threat from Saddam
Hussein is unique. He possesses the most deadly arms of
our age and has not hesitated in the past to use them to
destroy those he perceives as his enemies. His use of chemical
weapons has been unprovoked, without restraint or modern
precedent, and completely violates the conventions of war
followed by every civilized country.
Hussein has already used chemical weapons on his fellow
countrymen. The world community is working towards the halt
of the proliferation of these weapons and asks for your
of Iraq. Saddam does not care for the military of Iraq.
Saddam uses his soldiers as puppets, not for the glory of
Iraq, but for his own personal glory. During the Gulf War,
Saddam put his own soldiers out in the desert without supplies
or support to stop the Coalition Forces who had expelled
the Iraqi military from their illegal occupation of Kuwait.
He also laid land mines to the rear of their positions.
Not only did Saddam needlessly put you in harm’s way
against the Coalition forces, he also prevented your safe
also sacrificed thousands of soldiers during the Iran /
Iraq war. Nearly 400,000 Iraqi soldiers were casualties
of that war. Some of these men were even casualties of Saddam’s
own chemical and gas attacks. 60,000 Iraqis were taken prisoner
during the conflict. When the Iraqi soldiers that were taken
prisoner were returned, Saddam ordered their ears to be
cut off as punishment for being captured.
has continued to order anti-aircraft artillery to fire at
Coalition aircraft that patrol the United Nation’s
no fly zone. Due to his defiance of UN resolutions, many
more soldiers have been put in harms way.
and his close associates live in lavish palaces and live
above and beyond the law. Saddam lives like a king while
his soldiers are underpaid, and under equipped.
much longer will this incompetent leader be allowed to rule?
How many more soldiers is he willing to sacrifice? Will
your unit be the next one to be sacrificed? When will the
Iraqi Army become a legitimate army of the people and not
serve as bodyguards for Saddam’s Regime?
of Iraq. The standard of living for Iraqis has dropped drastically
since Saddam came into power. Every night, children go to
sleep hungry in Iraq. The sick suffer from ailments that
are easily treatable in the rest of the world.
has built palace after palace for himself and has purchased
a fleet of luxury cars all at the expense of the Iraqi people.
This money would be much better suited to build libraries
and schools. This money would have gone a long way to provide
better food and medicine for the people of Iraq. The amount
of money Saddam spends on himself in one day would be more
than enough to feed a family for a year.
Oil for Food program was set up by the UN to provide relief
aid to Iraqis who had fallen into poverty due to Saddam’s
leadership. Only 25 billion dollars out of the available
53 billion were ever applied for. Much of the food and equipment
purchased under the Oil for Food program was stored away
in warehouses, never to reach their destinations. Saddam
illegally resold much of this equipment for his own profit.
Saddam has exploited the Oil For Food program to illegally
buy weapons and materials intended to produce nuclear, biological,
and chemical weapons and for lavish gifts for his elite
countless pictures and billboards of Saddam that litter
the landscape of Iraq do nothing to help the people of Iraq.
Saddam has built monuments to promote his legacy at your
expense. These lavish monuments serve as a constant reminder
to the Iraqi people of money that would have been better
spent on the welfare of the Iraqi people.
much longer will this corrupt rule be allowed to exploit
and oppress the Iraqi people?
of Iraq. Recently, the representatives to the United Nations
met to discuss a new resolution to deal with Iraq’s
disclosure of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.
Representatives from these nations spoke both their concerns
and praise of United Nations Security Council resolution
Ryan, Ireland’s representative, stated that the unanimous
adoption of the resolution was a strong statement of the
Council’s unity. The resolution was about disarming
Iraq without the use of force, which is considered a last
resort. Iraq must, however, understand that it must disarm
or face serious consequences. The purpose of the resolution
was avoiding a military conflict and strengthening the role
of the Security Council in the maintenance of peace and
Lavrov, the representative from the Russian Federation,
said that it was of fundamental importance that there was
clear confirmation in the resolution and that all members
respected the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq.
representative, Fayssal Mekdad, stated that Syria had voted
for the resolution in order to achieve unanimity in the
Council and because of Syria’s commitment to the United
Nations Charter and international law.
Yishan, China’s representative, and the President
of the Security Council said his delegation voted in favor
of the resolution, because it supported viewpoints that
China had maintained during the negotiations, including
a multilateral, diplomatic approach, and a way towards suspending
and eventually lifting sanctions. He welcomed the efforts
of international parties to break the deadlock on Iraq,
and welcomed, as well, moves by Iraq to allow inspectors
to return. He supported a practical inspection regime and
called on all to fulfill their responsibilities in a fair
and expedient manner.
the world is set on a peaceful resolution to the growing
threat Iraq presents to the region. The world can only hope
that Saddam offers full compliance and accepts the generosity
of the United Nations proposal.
the passage of UN Security Council Resolution 1441, the
International Atomic Energy Agency, better known as the
IAEA, has been mandated to conduct inspections in Iraq.
The goal of the inspection program is to determine the extent
of Saddam Hussein’s nuclear weapons program with the
aim of completing the disarmament process established by
UN Security Council Resolution 687.
International Atomic Agency Director, Dr. Mohamed el-Baradei,
was born in Egypt in 1942. He gained a Bachelor’s
degree in Law in1962 at the University of Cairo, and a Doctorate
in International Law at the New York School of Law in 1974.
His career began with the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
in 1964. In this position he served on two Permanent Missions
of Egypt to the United Nations in New York and Geneva. Later,
he also became a senior fellow in charge of the International
Law Program at the United Nations Institute for Training
and Research. He has also served as a senior member of the
IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) Secretariat, and
as the Assistant Director General for External Relations.
his career as a diplomat, an international civil servant
and scholar, Dr. el-Baradei has experienced the processes
of international organizations, concentrating in the fields
of international peace and security and international law
making. He has lectured widely in the fields of international
law, international organizations, arms control and the peaceful
uses of nuclear energy. Further, he has devoted his career
to studying and developing international laws.
el-Baradei has the knowledge, experience, and expertise
to effectively lead the IAEA inspection teams. Some of the
responsibilities and authorities granted to the IAEA and
Dr. el-Baradei under U.N. Security Council Resolution 1441
include determining the composition of inspection teams
and unrestricted rights of entry in and out of Iraq. The
IAEA inspection teams will have unconditional, unrestricted
access to any sites of concern and the names of all personnel
currently and formerly associated with chemical, biological,
nuclear, and ballistic programs. The resolution also gives
Dr. el-Baradei the right to declare exclusion zones that
suspend movement into and out of an inspection area. Further,
the resolution gives the inspection teams the right to verifiably
remove, destroy, or render harmless devices, records, or
facilities that relate to prohibited weapons.
interference with Dr. el-Baradei’s duties or the inspection
teams will only delay a solution to end this crisis. Saddam
and his regime can help end the pain and suffering of the
people of Iraq, by complying with the tenets of U.N. Security
Council Resolution 1441, which mandates compliance and non-interference
with the IAEA.
States defense officials reported on the biennial military
exercise “Internal Look”. The exercise moves
the command and control elements of United States Central
Command to the Middle East Region in order to test its readiness
for deployment. Its operational concept is focused on joint
battle staff war fighting at the strategic and operational
level. According to GEN Franks, Central Command Commander,
Internal Look is simply an exercise that “gives us
the opportunity to deploy that command post. And the purpose
of it is command, control, communications, to be sure that
we have the right bandwidth lined up, to be sure that we
can talk to our components-by that I mean air component,
land component, maritime component and special-operations
component.” He also stated that: “over the last
year Central Command has built a deployable command and
control capability.” And, “what that actually
means is containers of communications gear, very large communications
pipes that we’re able put in the back of an airplane,
fly it a long ways, land it on the ground and then set up
a command-and-control complex.”
primary training audience is the United States Central Command
Commander, General Tommy R. Franks, and his staff. The secondary
training audience is composed of Central Command service
and functional component commanders, their staffs and selected
allied forces. Internal Look is Central Command’s
major Command Post Exercise and facilitates training the
full battle staff for Central Command and its components.
It also allows Third Army to exercise its deputy joint land
forces command responsibilities. It has been an exercise
conducted biennially since 1990.
is the second time that Central Command has deployed into
the Gulf Region. Just as in 1990, the exercise is testing
Central Command’s deployed command, control, and communication
capabilities in the area. In the end exercise “Internal
Look” promises to provide an excellent training opportunity
that will ultimately prepare US/Coalition forces with the
most highly trained force in the world.
Listeners, the following program is a re-broadcast of remarks
given by President George W. Bush and United Nations Secretary
General Kofi Annan on the 8th of November 22, 2002, in the
White House Oval office regarding the unanimous acceptance
by the United Nations Security Council regarding U.N. Resolution
1441, and the return of weapons inspectors to Iraq. These
remarks are being re-broadcast in their entirety.
PRESIDENT: The Secretary General and I are going to have
some opening statements, only statements. First, I do want
to welcome the Secretary General here. I'm grateful for
your leadership at the United Nations. A while ago the United
Nations Security Council made a very strong statement that
we, the world, expects Saddam Hussein to disarm for the
sake of peace. And the U.N. stepped up to its responsibilities,
and I want to thank you for that, Mr. Secretary-General.
I appreciate your leadership.
looking forward to our discussion. Of course I'll remind
the Secretary General that our war against terror is a war
against individuals whose hearts are full of hate. We do
not fight a religion. As a matter of fact, by far, the vast
majority of American citizens respect the Islamic people
and the Muslim faith. After all, there are millions of peaceful-loving
of the comments that have been uttered about Islam do not
reflect the sentiments of my government or the sentiments
of most Americans. Islam, as practiced by the vast majority
of people, is a peaceful religion, a religion that respects
others. Ours is a country based upon tolerance, Mr. Secretary
General, and we respect the faith and we welcome people
of all faiths in America. And we're not going to let the
war on terror or terrorists cause us to change our values.
And so, Mr. Secretary-General, I'm honored that you're here
at the Oval Office. I'm proud to call you friend, and welcome.
SECRETARY GENERAL: Thank you very much, Mr. President. If
I may comment on the last point you raised. I share your
view entirely that every region and people of every faith
have also been victims of terrorists. This is a scourge
that affects all of us, regardless of region or religion.
And we need to stand together to defeat terrorism. And this
is where the work of the United Nations and effective implementation
of this Resolution 1373 is absolutely crucial. We need to
work to deprive terrorists of the opportunities by not giving
them haven, by not giving them financial and logistical
support. And I think the counterterrorism committee of the
Security Council is doing a good job in trying to make sure
we all work together on it.
regards to the Iraq decision, I want to thank you, Mr. President,
for working with the United Nations and the Council and
working through the Council. And I remember when you came
to the U.N. on the 12th of September; nobody knew which
way you were going to go. And in my own speech before yours,
I was pleading that we go the multilateral route. And I
think we were all relieved that we did -- you did.
I would want to say that the Council decision, which was
unanimous, sent a powerful message that the entire international
community would like to see the Security Council resolutions
I received a letter from the Iraqi government accepting
the resolution, saying that they would work with the resolution.
And Mr. Blix and his team will go back. We expect them to
get there on the 18th and actively begin their work. This
is a Chapter 7 resolution, and it must be implemented.
PRESIDENT: Thank you, sir. Thank you, all.
Listeners, once again the previous program was a re-broadcast
of remarks given by President George W. Bush and United
Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan on the 8th of November
22, 2002, in the White House Oval office regarding the unanimous
acceptance by the United Nations Security Council regarding
U.N. Resolution 1441, and the return of weapons inspectors
to Iraq. These remarks are being re-broadcast in their entirety.
listeners, the following program is a broadcast of the articles
of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1441, which
was unanimously approved by the United Nations Security
Council on November 8th, 2002. The intent of UNSCR 1441
is to provide Saddam Hussein’s regime a final opportunity
to comply with the disarmament obligations established by
UNSCR 687, in 1991. The following are the articles of UNSCR
1441 in their entirety.
under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
that Iraq has been and remains in material breach of its
obligations under relevant resolutions, including resolution
687 (1991), in particular through Iraq's failure to cooperate
with United Nations inspectors and the IAEA, and to complete
the actions required under paragraphs 8 to 13 of resolution
Decides, while acknowledging paragraph 1 above, to afford
Iraq, by this resolution, a final opportunity to comply
with its disarmament obligations under relevant resolutions
of the Council; and accordingly decides to set up an enhanced
inspection regime with the aim of bringing to full and verified
completion the disarmament process established by resolution
687 (1991) and subsequent resolutions of the Council;
that, in order to begin to comply with its disarmament obligations,
in addition to submitting the required biannual declarations,
the Government of Iraq shall provide to UNMOVIC, the IAEA,
and the Council, not later than 30 days from the date of
this resolution, a currently accurate, full, and complete
declaration of all aspects of its programs to develop chemical,
biological, and nuclear weapons, ballistic missiles, and
other delivery systems such as unmanned aerial vehicles
and dispersal systems designed for use on aircraft, including
any holdings and precise locations of such weapons, components,
sub-components, stocks of agents, and related material and
equipment, the locations and work of its research, development
and production facilities, as well as all other chemical,
biological, and nuclear programs, including any which it
claims are for purposes not related to weapon production
that false statements or omissions in the declarations submitted
by Iraq pursuant to this resolution and failure by Iraq
at any time to comply with, and cooperate fully in the implementation
of, this resolution shall constitute a further material
breach of Iraq's obligations and will be reported to the
Council for assessment.
that Iraq shall provide UNMOVIC and the IAEA immediate,
unimpeded, unconditional, and unrestricted access to any
and all, including underground, areas, facilities, buildings,
equipment, records, and means of transport which they wish
to inspect, as well as immediate, unimpeded, unrestricted,
and private access to all officials and other persons whom
UNMOVIC and the IAEA wish to interview in the mode or location
of UNMOVIC’s or the IAEA’s choice pursuant to
any aspect of their mandates; further decides that UNMOVIC
and IAEA may at their discretion conduct interviews inside
or outside of Iraq, may facilitate the travel of those interviewed
and family members outside of Iraq, and that, at the sole
discretion of UNMOVIC and the IAEA, such interviews may
occur without the presence of observers from the Iraqi Government;
and instructs UNMOVIC and requests the IAEA to resume inspections
no later than 45 days following adoption of this resolution
and to update the Council 60 days thereafter.
the 8 October 2002 letter from the Executive Chairman of
UNMOVIC and the Director-General of IAEA to General Al-Saadi
of the Government of Iraq, which is annexed hereto, and
decides that the contents of the letter shall be binding
further that, in view of the prolonged interruption by Iraq
of the presence UNMOVIC and the IAEA and in order for them
to accomplish the tasks set forth in this resolution and
all previous relevant resolutions and notwithstanding prior
understandings, the Council hereby establishes the following
revised or additional authorities, which shall be binding
upon Iraq, to facilitate their work in Iraq:
UNMOVIC and the IAEA shall determine the composition of
their inspection teams and ensure that these teams are composed
of the most qualified and experienced experts availablel;
All UNMOVIC and IAEA personnel shall enjoy the privileges
and immunities, corresponding to those of experts on mission,
provided in the Convention on Privileges and Immunities
of the United Nations and the Agreement on the Privileges
and Immunities of the IAEA;
UNMOVIC and the IAEA shall have unrestricted rights of entry
into and out of Iraq, the right to free, unrestricted, and
immediate movement to and from inspection sites, and the
right to inspect any sites and buildings, including immediate,
unimpeded, unconditional, and unrestricted access to Presidential
Sites equal to that at other sites, notwithstanding the
provisions of resolution 1154;
UNMOVIC and the IAEA shall have the right to be provided
by Iraq the names of all personnel currently and formerly
associated with Iraq's chemical, biological, nuclear, and
ballistic missile programs and the associated research,
development, and production facilities;
Security of UNMOVIC and IAEA facilities shall be ensured
by sufficient United Nations security guards;
The UNMOVIC and the IAEA shall have the right to declare,
for the purposes of freezing a site to be inspected, exclusion
zones, including surrounding areas and transit corridors,
in which Iraq will suspend ground and aerial movement so
that nothing is changed in or taken out of a site being
The UNMOVIC and the IAEA shall have the free and unrestricted
use and landing of fixed- and rotary-winged aircraft including
manned and unmanned reconnaissance vehicles;
The UNMOVIC and the IAEA shall have the right at their sole
discretion verifiably to remove, destroy, or render harmless
all prohibited weapons, subsystems, components, records,
materials, and other related items, and the right to impound
or close any facilities or equipment for the production
UNMOVIC and the IAEA shall have the right to free import
and use of equipment or materials for inspections and to
seize and export any equipment, materials, or documents
taken during inspections, without search of UNMOVIC and
IAEA personnel or official or personal baggage;
8. Decides further that Iraq shall not take or threaten
hostile acts directed against any representative or personnel
of the United Nations or the IAEA or of any Member State
taking action to uphold any Council resolution;
9. Requests the Secretary-General immediately to notify
Iraq of this resolution, which is binding on Iraq; demands
that Iraq confirm within seven days of that notification
its intention to comply fully with this resolution; and
demands that Iraq cooperate immediately, unconditionally,
and actively with UNMOVIC and IAEA.
10. Requests all Member States to give full support to UNMOVIC
and the IAEAin the discharge of their mandates, including
by providing any information related to prohibited programs
or other aspects of their mandates, including on Iraqi attempts
since 1998 to acquire prohibited items, and by recommending
sites to be inspected, persons to be interviewed, conditions
of such interviews, and data to be collected, the results
of which shall be reported to the Council by UNMOVIC and
11. Directs the Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC and the Director-General
of the IAEA to report immediately to the Council any interference
by Iraq with inspection activities, as well as any failure
by Iraq to comply with its disarmament obligations, including
its obligations regarding inspections under this resolution;
12. Decides to convene immediately upon receipt of a report
in accordance with paragraphs 4 or 11 above, in order to
consider the situation and the need for full compliance
with all of the relevant Council resolutions in order to
secure international peace and security;
13. Recalls, in that context, that the Council has repeatedly
warned Iraq that it will face serious consequences as a
result of its continued violations of its obligations;
14. Decides to remain seized of the matter.
In conclusion, dear listeners, every member of the United
Nations Security Council voted in favor of United Nations
Security Resolution 1441 on November 8th, 2002. The unanimity
of the vote is evidence that the United Nations is unwavering
in its resolve to see Saddam Hussein’s regime disarmed
in a peaceful manner. UNSCR 1441 has clearly strengthened
the cause of peace throughout the world. We can only hope
that Saddam Hussein seizes the opportunity to begin the
end of the isolation and suffering that his non-compliance
with past UN resolutions has brought on the Iraqi people.