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Joint Vision

JV 2020 Infopage

RMA & C4I Terms

Command and Control
Dominant Maneuver
Focused Logistics
Full Dimensional Protection
Information Superiority
Precision Engagement

Command and Control – the exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission. (JP1-02)

Dominant Maneuver is the ability of joint forces to gain positional advantage with decisive speed and overwhelming operational tempo in the achievement of assigned military tasks. Widely dispersed joint air, land, sea, amphibious, special operations and space forces, capable of scaling and massing force or forces and the effects of fires as required for either combat or noncombat operations, will secure advantage across the range of military operations through the application of information, deception, engagement, mobility and counter-mobility capabilities.

Focused Logistics is the ability to provide the joint force the right personnel, equipment, and supplies in the right place, at the right time, and in the right quantity, across the full range of military operations. This will be made possible through a real-time, web-based information system providing total asset visibility as part of a common relevant operational picture, effectively linking the operator and logistician across Services and support agencies. Through transformational innovations to organizations and processes, focused logistics will provide the joint warfighter with support for all functions.

Full Dimensional Protection is the ability of the joint force to protect its personnel and other assets required to decisively execute assigned tasks. Full dimensional protection is achieved through the tailored selection and application of multilayered active and passive measures, within the domains of air, land, sea, space, and information across the range of military operations with an acceptable level of risk.

Information Superiority – the capability to collect, process, and disseminate an uninterrupted flow of information while exploiting or denying an adversary’s ability to do the same. (JP1-02) Information superiority is achieved in a noncombat situation or one in which there are no clearly defined adversaries when friendly forces have the information necessary to achieve operational objectives.

Interoperability – the ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to and accept services from other systems, units, or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together. (JP1-02)

Precision Engagement is the ability of joint forces to locate, surveil, discern, and track objectives or targets; select, organize, and use the correct systems; generate desired effects; assess results; and reengage with decisive speed and overwhelming operational tempo as required, throughout the full range of military operations.

EBO Terms
Effects Tasking Order  
Effects Based Operations
Effects Based Planning
Effects Based Strategy
Effects Based Targeting
Effects Based Warfare

Effects Tasking Order (ETO) - Formalizes output of JTF virtual collaborative planning. It is the means to task and synchronize the actions and orders required to achieve the commander's intent. ETOs replace the current operations orders (OPORDs) and Fragmentary Orders (FRAGOs) issued as required to support current and future operations. They do not replace component execution planning and execution orders.

Effects Based Operations (EBO) - A process for obtaining a desired strategic outcome or "effect" on the enemy, through the synergistic, multiplicative, and cumulative application of the full range of military and nonmilitary capabilities at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels.

Effects Based Planning (EBP) - An operational planning process to conduct EBO within RDO. EBP is results-based vice attrition-based. EBP closely mirrors the current joint planning process, yet focuses upon the linkage of actions to effects to objectives. EBP changes the way we view the enemy, ourselves, and what is included and emphasized in the planning process. EBP uses a flexibly-structured battle rhythm that leverages a collaborative knowledge environment and capitalizes on the use of fewer formal joint boards. It employs virtual, near-simultaneous planning at all echelons of command.

Effects Based Strategy - The coherent application of national and alliance elements of power through effects-based processes to accomplish strategic objectives.

Effects Based Targeting - The focus of the targeting process is to produce COAs that will change the enemy's behaviors and compel him to comply with our will. The behavioral changes we attempt to create are the result of effects that flow from the employment of our lethal and nonlethal capabilities. Thus, effects-based targeting is distinguished by the ability to generate the type and extent of effects necessary to create outcomes that facilitate the realization of the commander's objectives.

Effects Based Warfare - The application of armed conflict to achieve desired strategic outcomes through the effects of military force.


'A Revolution in Military Affairs is a major change in the nature of warfare brought about by the innovative application of new technologies which, combined with dramatic changes in military doctrine and operational and organizational concepts fundamentally alters the character and conduct of military operations.'

Office of the Secretary of Defense, 
Office of Net Assessment 

Essential Documents

Military Transformation: A Strategic Approach, Office of Force Transformation, November 2003

Power to the Edge, Command & Control in the Information Age [8.7 MB] by David S. Alberts and Richard E. Hayes, Information Age Transformation Series, 2003

Literature survey on Effects-Based Operations (1.5MB), Major Z. Jobbagy (Reprinted with permission from Clingendael Centre for Strategic Studies (CCSS))

Signal Forum: Network-Centric Warfare Pro & Con: 'Network-Centric Warfare Requires A Closer Look' & 'Network-Centric Warfare Offers Warfighting Advantage' (Reprinted with permission from SIGNAL Magazine, May 2003, Copyright 2003, AFCEA, 4400 Fair Lakes Court, Fairfax, Virginia, 22033-3899)

DOD Effects Based Operations Briefing,
United States Department of Defense,
March 19, 2003. Reprinted with the permission of the Federal News Service, Inc., Washington, D.C.

Effects Based Operations - Applying Network Centric Warfare in Peace, Crisis, and War [4.3 MB] by Edward A. Smith, DoD Command and Control Research Program, 2002

Network Enabled Capability, The UK's programme to enhance military capability by better exploitation of information, UK MoD, 2001

JV 2020 Infopage

Enabling the Joint Vision, [3.5 MB] January 2000

Joint Vision 2010 [1.67MB]

Network Centric Warfare: Where's the beef?, by Dr. Edward A. Smith, Jr.

The Revolution in Military Affairs - Special Report NATO Parliamentary Assembly Report Report AR299STC-E  by the Science and Technology Committee, November 1998 

Concept for Future Joint Operations Expanding Joint Vision 2010, [2.7 MB] Joint Chiefs of Staff,May 1997

US Army FM 100-6 Chapter 3 OPERATIONS - Subsection Command and Control Warfare published in August 1996 by the US Army Command and General Staff College

Frequently Asked Questions about Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence 

JP 3-13.1, Joint Doctrine for Command and Control Warfare (C2W) [757K] published in February 1996


USAF Effects-Based Operations Course, While it is not a new concept, the notion of conducting operations to produce effects that lead to desired outcomes is complex in execution. This lesson introduces effects-based operations as a refinement of current objective-based operations

Future Combat Systems

Hearing on the Future Combat System and Force Protection Initiatives, The Tactical Air and Land Forces Subcommittee, HASC, April 2004

Transformation Roadmaps

2004 US Air Force Transformation Flight Plan

2004 U.S. Army Transformation Roadmap

2003 Naval Transformation Roadmap

2003 Air Force Transformation Flight Plan

2003 U.S. Army Transformation Roadmap

DoD Transformation Planning Guidance April 2003

2002 Naval Transformation Roadmap



A Network-Centric Operation Case Study : US/UK Coalition Combat Operations during Operation Iraqi Freedom, [1.2 MB] Office of Force Transformation, March 2005

The Implementation of Network-Centric Warfare, [1 MB] Office of Force Transformation, January 2005

Elements of Defense Transformation, Office of Force Transformation, October 2004

Army Transformation: Implications for the Future, House Armed Services Committee, July 2004

Hearing: to receive testimony on Army Transformation in review of the Defense Authorization Request for Fiscal Year 2005 and the Future Years Defense Program, Senate Committee on Armed Services, March, 2004

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Uninhabited Combat Aerial Vehicles, Defense Science Board February 2004

Department of Defense Transformation Hearing
, HASC Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee, February 2004

Effects-Based Operations and the Exercise of National Power by Major David W. Pendall, U.S. Army, Military Review, January - February 2004

Understanding Transformation, Office of Force Transformation, Thomas Hone, January 2004

C4I Interoperability: New Challenges in 21st Century Warfare Hearing, HASC Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee , October 21, 2003

The Army's Bandwidth Bottleneck, Congressional Budget Office, August 2003

Precision Firepower: Smart Bombs, Dumb Strategy by Lieutenant Colonel Timothy R. Reese, U.S. Army, Military Review, July-August 2003 English Edition

The Limits of Transformation - Officer Attitudes toward the Revolution in Military Affairs [2.5 MB] by Thomas G. Mahnken and James R. FitzSimonds, Newport Papers, Naval War College, 2003

Small Navies and Network-centric Warfare - Is There a Role? by Paul T. Mitchell, Naval War College Review Spring 2003

Transforming How We Fight A Conceptual Approach Major Christopher D. Kolenda, U.S. Army War College Review Spring 2003

Swarming Network Enabled C4ISR Conference, [11.6 MB] Joint C4ISR Decision Support Center, McLean, VA, 13-14 January 2003

Thinking Out of the Box - Reading Military Texts from a Different Perspective by Lieutenant Colonel Phillip J. Ridderhof, U.S.Marine Corps, Naval War College Review, Autumn 2002, Vol. LV, No. 4

Military Transformation: Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance - Congressional Research Service Updated May 31, 2002

The Army and Transformation, 1945-1991: Implications for Today by Arthur W. Connor, Jr., Strategy Research Project, April 2002

Army Transformation and Digitization – Training and Resource Challenges by Robert S. Ferrell, Strategy Research Project, April 2002

Revolution in Business Affairs: Strategic Business Alliances in Army Transformation by Lieutenant Colonel Gary L. Bliss, USAWC Strategy Research Project, United States Army, April 2002

Transformation – Revolution in Military Logistics by LTC Aundre F. Piggee, Strategy Research Project, April 2002

The Revolution in Military Affairs and Directed Energy Weapons by Matthew Mowthorpe, Air & Space Power Chronicles March 2002

Network-Centric Special Operations-Exploring New Operational Paradigms by Captain Greg Gagnon, USAF,
Air & Space Power Chronicles February 2002

Decision Superiority - A Junior Officer’s Practical Guide to Knowledge-Based Operations by
Captain Tom Coakley, Air & Space Power Chronicles May 2001

Logistics Automation Support of Joint Vision 2020 and Army Transformation, COL Jim Hodge, Strategy Research Project, April 2001

Sun Tzu: The Art of Network Centric Warfare by Lieutenant Colonel Bobbie L. Randall, Strategy Research Project, March 2001

The Dimming of Joint Vision 2020: A Concern that the Lack of Military Satellite Communications will Impede the Future Force by Lieutenant Colonel Steven G. Fox, U.S. Army, Strategy Research Project, February 2001

The Information-Based RMA and the Principles of War by Maj Leonard G. Litton, USAF Air & Space Power Chronicles - Chronicles Articles, September 2000

Tomorrow's "Cyber Warriors" by Major Hugh S. Vest USAF Air & Space Power Chronicles - Chronicles Articles, September 2000

Network Centric Warfare [22 MB] Developing and Leveraging Information Superiority by David S. Alberts, John J. Garstka and Frederick P. Stein 2000

New Forms of War and Arms Control in the Middle East [209K] by Anthony Cordesman (CSIS Middle East Studies Program), February, 2000 

Arms Control, Technology, and the Revolution in Military Affairs [226K] by by Anthony Cordesman (CSIS), January, 2000

The Revolution in Military Affairs and Developments in the Persian Gulf [198K] by by Anthony Cordesman (CSIS Middle East Studies Program), September 1, 1999  

The Counterrevolution in Military Affairs by Major Thomas R. McCabe, USAFR, USAF Air & Space Power Chronicles - Chronicles Articles, May 1999

Information Assurance – the Achilles’ Heel of Joint Vision 2010? by CDR Sam Cox, USN
MAJ Ron Stimeare, USA, MAJ Tim Dean, USA and Maj Brad Ashley, USAF,
USAF Air & Space Power Chronicles - Chronicles Articles, March 1999

The Military Effectiveness of Desert Fox: A Warning About the Limits of the RMA and Joint Vision 2010 [102K] by Anthony Cordesman (CSIS), December, 1998 

Revolution and Evolution Understanding Dynamism in Military Affairs by Timothy D. Andrews, National Defense University 1998

Joint Vision 2010 - Focused Logistics, [1.6 MB] a Joint Logistics Roadmap

Joint Doctrine for Operations Security, Joint Pub 3-54, 24 January 1997

Revolution in Military Affairs & Information Based Warfare - A panel discussion with Clausewitz and Sun Tzu, by LTC David R Ridenour, NDU Class of 96

Revolution in Military Affairs? Competing Concepts, Organizational Responses, Outstanding Issues by Theodor W. Galdi, Specialist in International Security, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, December 11, 1995

German Article

Militärpolitik, Informationstechnologie und die Virtualisierung des Krieges von Ralf Bendrath

RMA & C4I Links

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Command, Control, Communications, and Computer (C4) Department Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, Washington, D.C

Joint C4ISR Battle Center 
Links to the JBC staff, conference/meeting registrations, JBC documents, and projects.

Office of Force Transformation 'The Secretary of Defense called for the creation of this new office in support of President Bush’s broad mandate to transform the Nation’s military capabilities. The transformation process challenges the status quo with new concepts for American defense to ensure an overwhelming and continuing competitive advantage for America’s military for decades to come.'

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for  C3I 'The purpose of this web site is to support the overall mission of theOASD(C3I) through the dissemination of public information related to the missions and responsibilities of our organization.'


The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) 'The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a public policy research institution dedicated to analysis and policy impact. CSIS is the only institution of its kind that maintains resident experts on all the world's major geographical regions. It also covers key functional areas, such as international finance, U.S. trade and economic policy, national and international security issues, energy, and telecommunications.'


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Last modified: 13 February, 2011 by Wanja Eric Naef

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