BRIGADIER GENERAL MARC ROGERS, USAF
DIRECTOR, JOINT REQUIREMENTS AND
INTEGRATION DIRECTORATE, J8
UNITED STATES JOINT FORCES COMMAND
THE 108TH CONGRESS
HOUSE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON TERRORISM, UNCONVENTIONAL
THREATS, AND TERRORISM
Chairman, distinguished Members of the
Committee, I am honored to testify on U.S.
Joint Forces Command's role in Joint
Battle Management Command and Control.
me open by assuring the Committee that U.S.
Joint Forces Command is focused on
strengthening Department of Defense
capability to execute battle management
command and control for our forces engaged
in joint operations world-wide.
achieve this goal, U.S. Joint Forces Command
continues to maximize the Nation's future
and present military capabilities by
advancing joint concept development and
experimentation, identifying joint
requirements, ensuring interoperability,
conducting joint training, and providing
ready forces and capabilities - all in
support of the Combatant Commands.
Command and Control is fundamental to
all of these efforts.
Forces Command is a dynamic command that
learns from and works with our partners
throughout the Department to lead continuous
evolutionary and revolutionary improvements
in command and control.
These collective efforts advance
capabilities and enable continued success,
including rapid, decisive military action.
this regard, USJFCOM has received new
authorities to ensure interoperability and
integration of joint, coalition, and
interagency capabilities in support of
on-going military operations.
In January 2003, internal Pentagon
documents directed expanded responsibilities
for Joint Forces Command in establishing
Joint Battle Management Command and Control
(JBMC2) requirements, identifying
system-of-systems capability requirements
and ensuring the integration and
interoperability of JBMC2 capabilities. In
this expanded role, JFCOM will lead JBMC2
mission and capability area requirements to
include: concepts, integrated architectures,
systems interoperability and integration
efforts, training and experimentation.
These important aspects of JBMC2 will
allow us to develop the overarching
framework for joint command and control
capabilities which will guide our future
systems acquisitions, provide a basis for
interoperability and integration of our
legacy system capabilities, and allow a
reference for prioritizing near term
solutions to capability shortfalls.
USJFCOM has assumed oversight responsibility
for the Deployable Joint Command and Control
program and the Single Integrated Air
Picture, with expanded responsibilities for
the Family of Interoperable Operational
This will allow Joint Forces Command
to integrate programs and initiatives within
the Joint Battle Management Command and
Control arena and ensure joint requirements
are funded and addressed on a priority
parallel with these new JBMC2 authorities,
Interoperability and Integration Office (JI&I)
efforts will continue to deliver solutions
to interoperability challenges by working
closely with Combatant Commanders, Services
and Defense Agencies to identify and resolve
joint warfighting deficiencies.
JI&I's current efforts support
military operations by fielding:
capabilities between US Army and US Marine
Corps ground commander Command and Control
planning and coordination capabilities for
the Combatant Commanders
to Joint Task Force information assurance
and information management
mission planning and rehearsal capabilities
for the Combatant Commanders
JI&I efforts that directly support the
commanders of Northern, Central, Pacific and
Special Operations Commands in the near
future include fielding capabilities for:
Task Force (JTF) situational awareness, a
Common Operational Picture (COP), and
enhanced integration of the Joint Deployment
joint targeting, and intelligence analysis
Joint Intelligence, Surveillance, and
Integration of Distributed Common Ground
System multi-intelligence sources
authorities under JBMC2 provide for an
expansion of JI&I's mandate to
operational through tactical level joint
integration of the following capabilities:
Operational and Tactical Pictures
mission planning and rehearsal
among service intelligence systems
joint fires, maneuver, and intelligence
Management Command & Control
new emphasis will bolster U.S. Joint Forces
Command's ability to deliver near-term
enhancements to our joint force command and
need for this comprehensive approach to
JBMC2 is validated by some of the command
and control lessons we have learned during
operation IRAQI FREEDOM.
Our preliminary insights concluded
that one overarching theme summarized the
results of the joint transformation since
Desert Storm, which we characterize as
Overmatching Power vice traditional
an example, in Desert Storm, our military
thinking was to field Overwhelming Force
to ensure victory. Certainly, this entails
fielding well-trained and well-equipped
forces, which is as important today as it
was back then.
However, the emphasis was on numbers
as befits a traditional, attrition-based
Our observations in Operation IRAQI
FREEDOM tell us there is another approach to
We like to describe this new approach
as the employment of Overmatching Power.
emphasis is on harnessing all the
capabilities that our Services and Special
Operations Forces bring to the battlespace
in a coherently joint way. Advances in
technologies, coupled with innovative
warfighting concepts joined together by a
new joint culture, are enabling a level of
coherent military operations that we have
not been able to achieve before.
The emphasis now is on the
effectiveness of joint capabilities employed
at times and places of our choosing to
achieve strategic effects. General Franks
later remarked on this level of jointness,
saying "Operation IRAQI FREEDOM was the
most joint and combined operation in
The insights and perspectives gained
from Operation IRAQI FREEDOM emphasize and
rely on a cohesive and agile joint battle
management command and control capability
that supports new paradigms in planning,
execution, and assessment of effects.
to the power of adaptive planning and
execution is our ability to conduct large
scale, vertical and horizontal
This collaboration is on a scale that
dwarfs any extant commercial application.
In today's collaborative
environment, every level of command
throughout the entire force and including
coalition partners is electronically linked
to the Combatant Commander's
Subordinate commanders and staffs
understand the context behind key changes
across the battlespace and are fully aware
of changes in the commander's intent to
guide their actions during specific
In short, the entire joint force is
acutely sensitive to any nuances that occur
in the battlespace and are highly adaptive
to changes, seizing opportunities as they
arise or preventing mishaps before they
the top of the areas that achieved new
levels of capability are joint planning,
adaptation and joint force synergy.
These capabilities are directly
centered around our ability to collaborate.
We have done well in this area, but
we need to do better.
Our investment in new initiatives
such as the Deployable Joint Command and
Control System (DJC2) and the Standing Joint
Force Headquarters (SJFHQ) prototype will
enable our future joint warfighting
capability. Both of these initiatives are
essential JBMC2 elements directly coupled
under MID 912 authorities.
I emphasize that they are not simply
additional information technology programs.
They are new capabilities at the core of our
transformational Joint Command and Control
General Franks and his staff achieved these
successes in Joint command and control, the
overall information architecture they
created for Operation Iraqi Freedom was
patched together during the conflict in
and the period preceding the outbreak of
The many service and functional
systems had to be linked together.
The lack of seamless architectures
affected their ability to collaborate in
real time and use information from various
Our JBMC2 initiatives are designed to
eliminate the requirement for each Combatant
Commander to create such ad hoc systems on
the eve of conflict.
architectures need to address the needed
fusion of information and analysis necessary
at various level of command.
The overall system must enable
sensors to plug and play from the strategic
level to the soldier on the battlefield.
Automated data fusion is needed to
help manage this onslaught of information.
Assessment of effects in a timely
manner needs to be incorporated.
operational systems need to integrate fires
throughout the battlespace.
They need to be flexible and adaptive
for on-call targets and direction from all
levels of command.
They should leverage both Blue Force
Tracker and Combat ID in combination to
reduce friendly fire incidents.
They should incorporate dynamic
They must be fully integrated with
other information architectures like the
U.S. Joint Forces Command has
conducted various studies related to
horizontal integration of intelligence
information, and recently the Defense
Acquisition Board (DAB) has approved a
strategy to integrate the various Service
Distributed Common Ground Systems (DCGS)
into a single interoperable capability.
as we build our information architecture, we
need the capability to integrate interagency
partners from other parts of the Federal
Multi-level secure environments are
needed to integrate coalition partners into
our collaborative environment while fully
protecting our US-only information and
U.S. Joint Forces Command is
currently working directly with the staff of
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
and the Assistant Secretary of Defense,
Networks and Information Integration to
develop a roadmap for resolving
Multi-National Information Sharing.
improved coordination of initiatives and
programs though authoritative oversight of
related concepts, interoperability and
integration efforts will enhance our ability
to identify and implement solutions to
lessons learned shortfalls.
Our new JBMC2 authorities have
already been instrumental in supporting
implementation of the Standing Joint Force
Headquarters prototype (SJFHQ).
The SJFHQ is comprised of a small but
powerfully enabled team of planners
specifically trained to speed the
operational employment of a larger joint
task force headquarters with real-time,
actionable and shared knowledge crucial to
the conduct of rapid and decisive
This shared understanding is enabled
by what we call the Collaborative
Information Environment, or "CIE," that,
in our judgment, may very well change the
conduct of future warfare.
This prototype is being implemented
today in Pacific Command, European Command,
Southern Command and Northern Command, with
the target date of FY05 for the SJFHQ to be
fully operational in all Regional Combatant
commands. JBMC2 authorities have
enabled us to directly couple the SJFHQ
Warfighter requirements to the
infrastructure provided by the Deployable
Joint Command and Control (DJC2)
Finally, fully networked
forces supported by well defined joint
battle management command and control
requirements enable the creation and sharing
of that knowledge needed to collaboratively
plan, decide, and act quickly.
It will allow the joint force to
accomplish many tasks simultaneously from
distributed locations in the battlespace.
Networked forces (based upon systemic,
organizational, and personal links) are
necessary to compress and change today's
sequential, echeloned way of planning and
Networked forces use shared
situational awareness among all elements of
the joint force, to include interagency and
multinational partners. This increases the
speed and precision in planning, decision to
act and application of power. They allow streamlined, dynamic joint
processes for the integration of information
operations, fires, and maneuver elements as
well as for sustainment and joint
intelligence, surveillance, and
Fully networked forces are necessary
to employ a coherently joint force to
achieve the Overmatching Power paradigm we
glimpsed in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Joint Forces Command, in coordination with
our Service, Defense Agency and Combatant
Command partners, will continue to execute
our new JBMC2
authorities and build on our Joint
Interoperability and Integration
responsibilities by developing the command
and control processes, architectures,
systems, standards, and operational concepts
to be employed by the Joint Force Commander.
Our collective efforts, strengthened
by the above partners, will continue to aim
for an integrated, interoperable, and
networked joint force that will:
Ensure common shared situational awareness
Provide fused, precise and actionable
Support coherent distributed and dispersed
operations, including forced entry into
anti-access or area-denial environments
Ensure decision superiority enabling more
agile, more lethal, and survivable joint
I have outlined our new authorities and
focus for improving joint battle management
command and control, I note the importance
of continued Congressional support in our
efforts to break paradigms and accelerate
improvements in command and control. U.S.
Joint Forces Command looks forward to
working with the committee to provide the
men and women of our Armed Forces the joint
command and control capabilities they need
today and the transformational capabilities
they will require in the future.